Direct bonding of orthodontic brackets to porcelain veneer laminates.

@article{Kao1988DirectBO,
  title={Direct bonding of orthodontic brackets to porcelain veneer laminates.},
  author={Elizabeth C. Kao and K C Boltz and William M Johnston},
  journal={American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics},
  year={1988},
  volume={94 6},
  pages={
          458-68
        }
}
The forces required to debond orthodontic attachments from porcelain veneer laminates were studied in vitro. Brackets were bonded to 160 veneered bovine incisor teeth before the determination of the debond force. The independent variables studied were resin type, priming agent, porcelain surface preparation, and debonding time. The average debond forces were compared with those obtained by debonding brackets bonded to natural teeth by means of the acid-etch technique. The bond between the resin… CONTINUE READING
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