Direct Rule and the Unionist Middle Classes

  title={Direct Rule and the Unionist Middle Classes},
  author={Colin Coulter},
In March 1972, as the political climate in Northern Ireland degenerated apace, the Conservative administration in London exercised its constitutional prerogative and dissolved the devolved legislature at Stormont. The introduction of ‘direct rule’ from Westminster represents a significant watershed in the development of modern Northern Ireland. The operation of direct rule over the past two decades has initiated a ‘passive revolution’ which has transformed Northern Irish society. The aspect of… 
‘British Rights for British Citizens’: The Campaign for ‘Equal Citizenship’ for Northern Ireland
This essay traces the evolution of the demand that the principal British political parties should extend organisation to Northern Ireland. Although originally nurtured by a small Stalinist sect of
The origins of the Northern Ireland conservatives
Abstract This article sets out to tell the story of the Conservative associations that appeared in parts of Northern Ireland in the late nineteen eighties. Ironically, the emergence of the Ulster
Horowitz's Theory of Ethnic Party Competition and the Case of the Northern Ireland Social Democratic and Labour Party, 1970–79
Donald Horowitz's theory of ethnic conflict suggests that a political party operating in a deeply divided society can be effected by a centrifugal pull even when it is not subject to formal electoral
Not quite as British as Finchley: the failed attempt to bring British Conservatism to Northern Ireland
In a previous issue of Irish Studies Review I examined the unanticipated emergence in the late 1980s of a series of Conservative associations in Northern Ireland. In this follow-up article, I will
Ulster unionism and the Irish historiography debate
Northern Ireland has become an area of immense interest for researchers over the past decade or so, and there are an almost embarrassing number of talented academics studying the conflict and the
Between the devil and the DUP: the Democratic Unionist Party and the politics of Brexit
The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) gained an unexpected foothold at the heart of the British political system following the 2017 UK general election. Political arithmetic compelled the then Prime
The United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, United States and the conflict in Northern Ireland, August 1971 - September 1974
This thesis offers a new interpretation of the international history of the early period of Northern Ireland’s ‘Troubles’. Such a revision is necessary given the recently released material in the
Ideological content and institutional frameworks: Unionist identities in Northern Ireland and Scotland
This article examines the complex interactions between British national identity and the territorial identities of Northern Ireland and Scotland. We argue that the current literature on national
Ulster Unionist dimension in the USA: prioritising neutrality or leverage, third party mediation with a reluctant actor: the U.S. government and Ulster unionists as a case study
This thesis looks at the evolution of the interaction between the Ulster Unionist Party and the US government during the peace process that led to the signing of the Good Friday Agreement and its


Ireland: A Positive Proposal@@@The British State and the Ulster Crisis: From Wilson to Thatcher
It is widely argued that Britain has always followed a coherent imperialist strategy in Northern Ireland. Paul Bew and Henry Patterson take issue with this assumption in the first serious study of
Ulster: Conflict and Consent
Part I Independence or Unity?: island - state and nation the emergence of a unified state without consensus Irish unity within the Union Independence or Unity - the home rule phase independence or
Northern Ireland: An Economy in Crisis
It is now more than a decade since British troops were sent to Northern Ireland, and the conflict in the province continues with no end in sight. A great deal has been written about the economic and
Under Siege: Ulster Unionism and the Anglo-Irish Agreement
The character of Unionism the evolution of the agreement the Unionist response the case for devolution the case for integration the task force report and after.
Efficiency, incentives, and individual labor supply in the labor-managed firm
Parallels are drawn between the approach to the theory of individual labor supply used by Sen (“Labor Allocation in a Co-operative Enterprise.” Rev. Econ. Stud. 33: 361–371, Oct. 1966) and approaches
The Anglo-Irish Agreement
A history of Northern Ireland