Direct Observation and Review of Herbivory in Sirenidae (Amphibia: Caudata)

  title={Direct Observation and Review of Herbivory in Sirenidae (Amphibia: Caudata)},
  author={Robert L Hill and Joseph R. Mendelson and Jennifer L. Stabile},
Abstract We provide the first direct observation of intentional herbivory in sirenid salamanders and provide a literature summary that indicates that the phenomenon has been well documented, but often misinterpreted. Here we report direct observation of herbivory in Siren lactertina (Greater Siren) and Pseudobranhcus axanthus (Southern Dwarf Siren) and review indirect evidence of the same for S. intermedia (Lesser Siren). We believe that at least two species of sirenid salamanders are… 
Endoparasites infecting exotic captive amphibian pet and zoo animals (Anura, Caudata) in Germany
High prevalence and pathological findings of several clinical amphibian parasitoses call for more detailed investigation on gastrointestinal parasite-derived molecular mechanisms associated with detrimental lesions or even death.
Caudata Cognition


Folivory and seasonal changes in diet in Rana hexadactyla (Anura: Ranidae)
In Rana hexadactyla, the utilization of permanent waterbodies may help buffer the impact of the long dry seasons and, together with a supply of abundant food in the form of aquatic macrophytes, is thought to be linked to the capacity of the species to spawn three times a year.
Gastrointestinal Fermentation in Greater Sirens (Siren lacertina)
The guts of these amphibians were not as voluminous or morphologically specialized as in many herbivores, but the posterior intestine was enlarged and exhibited a distinct folding pattern and an ileocolonic valve that may help maintain a symbiotic microbial population.
What do tadpoles really eat? Assessing the trophic status of an understudied and imperiled group of consumers in freshwater habitats
Summary 1. Understanding the trophic status of consumers in freshwater habitats is central to understanding their ecological roles and significance. Tadpoles are a diverse and abundant component of
How much fruit do fruit‐eating frogs eat? An investigation on the diet of Xenohyla truncata (Lissamphibia: Anura: Hylidae)
This paper presents the results of a 22-month survey and the examination of the intestinal content of 356 specimens of Xenohyla truncata from Restinga de Maric, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, indicating that the diversity of fruits consumed by the frogs does not represent choice, but rather plant phenology and fruit availability.
  • E. Dunn
  • Biology, Medicine
  • 1924