Direct Effects of an Invasive European Buckthorn Metabolite on Embryo Survival and Development in Xenopus laevis and Pseudacris triseriata

@inproceedings{Sacerdote2014DirectEO,
  title={Direct Effects of an Invasive European Buckthorn Metabolite on Embryo Survival and Development in Xenopus laevis and Pseudacris triseriata},
  author={Allison B. Sacerdote and Richard B. King},
  year={2014}
}
Abstract We demonstrate novel direct effects of an invasive plant metabolite on embryo development in the native Western Chorus Frog (Pseudacris triseriata) and a model organism, African Clawed Frog (Xenopus laevis). European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) exhibits aggressive growth in amphibian breeding sites and releases the secondary metabolite, emodin, into soil and water. Emodin is known to have several deleterious, bioactive properties in mammals and birds, but its effects on amphibians… 

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