Dinosaur Macroevolution and Macroecology

@article{Benson2018DinosaurMA,
  title={Dinosaur Macroevolution and Macroecology},
  author={Roger B. J. Benson},
  journal={Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics},
  year={2018}
}
  • R. Benson
  • Published 2 November 2018
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
Dinosaurs were large-bodied land animals of the Mesozoic that gave rise to birds. They played a fundamental role in structuring Jurassic–Cretaceous ecosystems and had physiology, growth, and reproductive biology unlike those of extant animals. These features have made them targets of theoretical macroecology. Dinosaurs achieved substantial structural diversity, and their fossil record documents the evolutionary assembly of the avian body plan. Phylogeny-based research has allowed new insights… 
‘Dinosaur-bird’ macroevolution, locomotor modules and the origins of flight
TLDR
The most relevant aspects of limb morphological transformation during the so-called ‘dinosaur-bird’ transition are reviewed to stress the importance of assessing the role of modularity and morphological integration in such macroevolutionary transition, which ultimately involves the origins of flight in dinosaurs.
So Volcanoes Created the Dinosaurs? A Quantitative Characterization of the Early Evolution of Terrestrial Pan-Aves
The early Mesozoic is marked by several global-scale environmental events, including the emplacement of large igneous provinces, such as the Siberian Traps, Wrangellia, and Central Atlantic Magmatic
Size-mediated competition and community structure in a Late Cretaceous herbivorous dinosaur assemblage
It has been argued that, throughout the Mesozoic, the immature growth forms of megaherbivorous dinosaurs competitively excluded small herbivorous dinosaur species, leading to the left-skewed species
Palaeontology meets metacommunity ecology: the Maastrichtian dinosaur fossil record of North America as a case study
Documenting the patterns and potential associated processes of ancient biotas has always been a central challenge in palaeontology. Over recent decades, intense debate has focused on the organization
Dinosaur biodiversity declined well before the asteroid impact, influenced by ecological and environmental pressures
TLDR
It is found that the decline of dinosaurs was likely driven by global climate cooling and herbivorous diversity drop, and the latter is likely due to hadrosaurs outcompeting other herbivores.
Osteohistological analyses reveal diverse strategies of theropod dinosaur body-size evolution
TLDR
The first evidence of a lack of strong mechanistic or physiological constraints on size evolution in the largest bipeds in the fossil record is provided and evidence of one of the longest-living individual dinosaurs ever documented is provided.
Shrinking dinosaurs and the evolution of endothermy in birds
TLDR
Results suggest that a reduction in size constitutes the path of least resistance for endothermy to evolve, maximizing thermal niche expansion while obviating the costs of elevated energy requirements.
Dinosaur diversification rates were not in decline prior to the K-Pg boundary
TLDR
Bayesian phylogenetic generalized linear mixed models are used to assess the fit of 12 dinosaur phylogenies to three speciation models, which suggest that dinosaur speciation rates were not in terminal decline prior to the K-Pg boundary and that the clade was still capable of generating new taxa.
Size-driven preservational and macroecological biases in the latest Maastrichtian terrestrial vertebrate assemblages of North America
The end-Cretaceous (K/Pg) mass extinction event is the most recent and well-understood of the “big five” and triggered establishment of modern terrestrial ecosystem structure. Despite the depth of
...
...