Dinoflagellate diversity and distribution

@article{Taylor2007DinoflagellateDA,
  title={Dinoflagellate diversity and distribution},
  author={F. Taylor and M. Hoppenrath and J. Saldarriaga},
  journal={Biodiversity and Conservation},
  year={2007},
  volume={17},
  pages={407-418}
}
Dinoflagellates are common to abundant in both marine and freshwater environments. They are particularly diverse in the marine plankton where some cause “red tides” and other harmful blooms. More than 2,000 extant species have been described, only half of which are photosynthetic. They include autotrophs, mixotrophs and grazers. They are biochemically diverse, varying in photosynthetic pigments and toxin production ability. Some are important sources of bioluminescence in the ocean. They can… Expand

Figures from this paper

Pigment compositions are linked to the habitat types in dinoflagellates
TLDR
Results clarify that far greater diversity of pigments are produced by the dinoflagellates living in sand regardless of chloroplast types relative to those of planktonic and tidal pool forms. Expand
Genomes of the dinoflagellate Polarella glacialis encode tandemly repeated single-exon genes with adaptive functions
TLDR
Because most dinoflagellate genes are constitutively expressed, Polarella glacialis has enhanced transcriptional responses via unidirectional, tandem duplication of single-exon genes that encode functions critical to survival in cold, low-light polar environments. Expand
The composition and new records of micro- and mesophytoplankton near the Vitória-Trindade Seamount Chain
TLDR
The high species diversity, especially among dinoflagellates can be considered typical of tropical oligotrophic waters, and the gap in knowledge of phytoplankton biodiversity in Brazil is demonstrated. Expand
Diversity and Ecology of Eukaryotic Marine Phytoplankton
TLDR
Evidence is now accumulating that many phytoplankton taxa are actually mixotrophs, exhibiting alternate feeding strategies depending on environmental conditions, thus blurring the boundary between autotrophS and heterotropha in the ocean. Expand
A Review on the Biodiversity and Biogeography of Toxigenic Benthic Marine Dinoflagellates of the Coasts of Latin America
Many benthic dinoflagellates are known or suspected producers of lipophilic polyether phycotoxins, particularly in tropical and subtropical coastal zones. These toxins are responsible for diverseExpand
Dinoflagellate cyst distribution in the oligotrophic environments of the Gulf of Aqaba and northern Red Sea
TLDR
This is the first comprehensive study of the modern geographic distribution of organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts in the oligotrophic environments of the northern Red Sea and Gulf of Aqaba and it is suggested that the distribution of food sources other than diatoms affects its distribution. Expand
Dinoflagellates associated with freshwater sponges from the ancient lake baikal.
TLDR
This is the first systematic investigation of dinoflagellate molecular diversity in Lake Baikal and the first finding of members of the order Suessiales as symbionts of freshwater invertebrates. Expand
A quantitative review of the lifestyle, habitat and trophic diversity of dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata, Alveolata)
TLDR
The continental waters are highly dominated by plastid-containing species, while in marine environments there is a slight dominance of heterotrophic species (58%). Expand
Global Diversity of Aloricate Oligotrichea (Protista, Ciliophora, Spirotricha) in Marine and Brackish Sea Water
TLDR
The ecophysiological diversity is considerably larger than the morphological, and even tops the richness of SSrRNA and ITS haplotypes, indicating that probably more than 83–89% of the diversity in aloricate Oligotrichea are unknown. Expand
Species diversity of dinophysoid dinoflagellates in the Clarion–Clipperton Fracture Zone, eastern Pacific
TLDR
Almost half the number of species recorded before in the eastern Pacific (including coastal samples) was observed, corresponding to about one-fifth of the known dinophysoid diversity. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 87 REFERENCES
Bipolar distribution of the cyst-forming dinoflagellate Polarella glacialis
TLDR
Morphological and molecular data support the assignment of the Arctic strain to P. glacialis, which up to now was known only from Antarctic sea ice. Expand
An introduction to the biogeography of aquatic microbes
TLDR
In this review, recent results exploiting techniques of molecular biology are summarized to place in perspective the studies of this Theme Section, which concern large-scale patterns of spatial distribution among heterotrophic planktonic prokary- otic and eukaryotic microbes. Expand
An Ice-Bound Planktonic Dinoflagellate Peridiniella catenata (Levander) Balech: Morphology, Ecology and Distribution
TLDR
It is concluded that Peridiniella catenata is one of a few Arctic-boreal dinoflagellates, and cold-water, euryhaline, brackish-water-marine, ice-bound planktonic species, which is able to develop in abundance in the sea ice. Expand
Oceanic 18S rDNA sequences from picoplankton reveal unsuspected eukaryotic diversity
TLDR
35 full sequences of the small-subunit (18S) ribosomal RNA gene derived from a picoplanktonic assemblage collected at a depth of 75 m in the equatorial Pacific Ocean are analysed and show that there is a high diversity of picoeukaryotes. Expand
The evolution of dinoflagellates
TLDR
This work postulates that dinoflagellates with two anterior flagella and a wall consisting of two large valves were successful through much of the Paleozoic, and the plate fragmentation model is proposed. Expand
Transport of diatom and dinoflagellate resting spores in ships' ballast water: implications for plankton biogeography and aquaculture
TLDR
The present work indicates that the most effective measure to prevent the spreading of toxic dinoflagellate cysts via ships' ballast water would be to avoid taking on ballast water during din oflageLLate blooms in the water column of the world's ports. Expand
Physiological ecology of harmful algal blooms
TLDR
The author reveals how different Orientation Behaviours Influence Dinoflagellate Trajectories and Photoresponses in Turbulent Water Columns and Effects of Turbulence on Phytoplankton Bacterial Interactions with Harmful Algal Bloom Species - Bacterial interactions withharmful algal Bloom species: Bloom Ecology, Toxigenesis, and Cytology. Expand
Dinoflagellate Nuclear SSU rRNA Phylogeny Suggests Multiple Plastid Losses and Replacements
TLDR
To trace the gain and loss of plastids in dinoflagellates, the nuclear small subunit rRNA gene is sequenced of 28 photosynthetic and four non-photosynthetic species, and phylogenetic trees with a total of 81 dinof lagellate sequences are produced. Expand
Morphology and phylogeny of the pseudocolonial dinoflagellates Polykrikos lebourae and Polykrikos herdmanae n. sp.
TLDR
Both the photosynthetic and heterotrophic forms of the only known marine benthic (sand-dwelling) species of Polykrikos, namely P. lebourae, were investigated using light and electron microscopy and molecular phylogenetic analyses, leading to the conclusion that they are in fact two distinct lineages. Expand
The early Mesozoic radiation of dinoflagellates
Dinoflagellates are a major component of the marine microplankton and, from fossil evidence, appear to have been so for the past 200 million years. In contrast, the pre-Triassic record contains onlyExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...