Dingo baiting did not reduce fetal/calf loss in beef cattle in northern South Australia

  title={Dingo baiting did not reduce fetal/calf loss in beef cattle in northern South Australia},
  author={Greg Campbell and Andrew Coffey and H. Miller and John L. Read and Anthony Brook and Peter J. S. Fleming and Peter Bird and Stephen R. Eldridge and Benjamin L. Allen},
  journal={Animal Production Science},
Beef cattle production is the major agricultural pursuit in the arid rangelands of Australia. Dingo predation is often considered a significant threat to production in rangeland beef herds, but there is a need for improved understanding of the effects of dingo baiting on reproductive wastage. We experimentally compared fetal/calf loss on baited and non-baited treatment areas within three northern South Australian beef herds over a 2–4-year period. At re-musters, lactation was used to determine… 
Reproductive performance of northern Australia beef herds. 8. Impact of rainfall and wild dog control on percentage fetal and calf loss
Only limited empirical evidence was found to support lethal control of wild dogs to protect calves, and factors other than baiting frequency are likely to have a stronger impact on calf loss.
Lethal control reduces the relative abundance of dingoes but not cattle production impacts
Routine dingo baiting may be largely unnecessary for beef cattle producers in arid and semiarid areas and alternative strategies and practices to reduce dingo mauling and predation impacts should be investigated using replicated and controlled field studies.
Aerial baiting and wild dog mortality in south-eastern Australia
Managers using aerial baiting to maximise wild dog mortality in mesic south-eastern Australia should use 40 baitskm−1 rather than 10 baits km−1, as the currently prescribed maximum baiting rate is inadequate for controlling wild dog populations in mesi forest environments in NSW.
Continental patterns in the diet of a top predator: Australia's dingo
Dingo diets have a flexible and generalist diet that differs among bioclimatic zones and with environmental productivity in Australia, and future research should focus on examining how dingo diets are affected by local prey availability and human‐induced changes to prey communities.
Minimizing animal welfare harms associated with predation management in agro‐ecosystems
  • B. Allen, J. Hampton
  • Medicine, Business
    Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 2020
The harms resulting from the management of dingoes and other wild dogs in the extensive beef cattle grazing systems of Australia are reviewed to illustrate how these negative impacts can be minimized across both wild and domestic species present on a farm or in a free‐ranging livestock grazing context.
Animal welfare considerations for using large carnivores and guardian dogs as vertebrate biocontrol tools against other animals
Introducing consumptive and non-consumptive effects into food webs can have profound effects on individuals, populations and communities. This knowledge has led to the deliberate use of predation
Interactions between dingoes and introduced wild ungulates: concepts, evidence and knowledge gaps
It is predicted that dingoes will have most impact on the abundance of smaller ungulate species and neonates, and the interplay between environmental conditions and the population growth rate of ungulates, and hence their ability to sustain losses from predation, could also be important.
Ecological Role of an Apex Predator Revealed by a Reintroduction Experiment and Bayesian Statistics
This study shows how use of logical informative priors can help to overcome statistical issues associated with low-replication in large-scale experiments, but the strong influence of the prior means that the findings were driven largely by the mensurative study.
How long is a dingo's tale?: Impacts of sampling design on our understanding of dingo ecology
ABSTRACT The temporal scale of many studies of dingo ecology is limited by human and physical resources, often constrained by funding cycles. Consequently, research has been skewed towards


Wild dog control impacts on calf wastage in extensive beef cattle enterprises
Control of wild dogs to protect calves on extensive beef cattle enterprises is unnecessary in most years because wild dogs do not routinely prey on calves, but in those seasons when wild dog predation might occur, baiting can be counter-productive.
The effect of dingo control on sheep and beef cattle in Queensland
This paper cautions the use of bounties as a measure of relative abundance and illustrates how people’s perception of a pest and the type of livestock they produce can affect their level of control effort and the control methods they use.
Ecological and economic benefits to cattle rangelands of restoring an apex predator
The results demonstrate that top-down herbivore control by dingoes should allow cattle pastoralists to profit from conservative stocking densities while reducing the risk of pasture over-utilization.
Animal behaviour and calf mortality in a north Queensland breeding herd.
Cattle at Meadowbank, cattle are more intensively managed than on many properties in the region, and those animals which subsequently became pregnant were heavier at mating than those which did not become pregnant.
Sources of variation in reproductive performance in selected herds of beef cattle in north-eastern Australia.
  • D. Lamond
  • Biology, Medicine
    Australian veterinary journal
  • 1969
It was found that improved nutrition of lactating heifers and cows would be expected to increase pregnancy rates substantially, and that cows in poor body condition had lower fertility than those in forward-store or fat condition.
Water-remoteness for grazing relief in Australian arid-lands
Abstract Commercial grazing is possible over much of arid Australia due to a high density of artificial watering points. The broadscale supplementation of drinking water has not only enhanced
Interactions between two naturalised invasive predators in Australia: are feral cats suppressed by dingoes?
It is concluded that the presently available data provides little evidence that bolstering dingo populations will reduce the impacts of cats, and much more work is needed to identify situations where top-predators might be used as effective biocontrol tools against invasive mesopredators in agro-ecological systems.
Review of Canid Management in Australia for the protection of livestock and wildlife -- potential application to Coyote Management
Australia has two introduced canid species — European red foxes and wild dogs (which include dingoes, Canis lupus dingo, feral domestic dogs C. familiaris and their hybrids); foxes were introduced into mainland Australia in the 1860s and quickly spread, while wild dogs have been present since the first European settlement in 1788.
The diet of the dingo (Canis lupus dingo) in north-eastern Australia with comments on its conservation implications
Dingo diet tends to differ regionally where dingoes prey on native species that are locally common or abundant, which may have implications for mesopredator suppression.
A review of factors that impact on the capacity of beef cattle females to conceive, maintain a pregnancy and wean a calf—Implications for reproductive efficiency in northern Australia☆
A review of factors that may impact on the capacity of beef cattle females, grazing semi-extensive to extensive pastures in northern Australia, to conceive, maintain a pregnancy and wean a calf was conducted and conclusions and recommendations to minimise reproductive inefficiencies based on current knowledge are presented.