Dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis in marine bacteria and identification of the key gene in this process

@article{Curson2017DimethylsulfoniopropionateBI,
  title={Dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis in marine bacteria and identification of the key gene in this process},
  author={Andrew R. J. Curson and Ji Liu and Ana Bermejo Mart{\'i}nez and Robert T. Green and Yohan Chan and Ornella Carri{\'o}n and Beth T. Williams and Shenghui Zhang and Gui‐Peng Yang and Philip C. Bulman Page and Xiaohua Zhang and Jonathan D. Todd},
  journal={Nature Microbiology},
  year={2017},
  volume={2}
}
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) is one of the Earth's most abundant organosulfur molecules, a signalling molecule1, a key nutrient for marine microorganisms2,3 and the major precursor for gaseous dimethyl sulfide (DMS). DMS, another infochemical in signalling pathways4, is important in global sulfur cycling2 and affects the Earth's albedo, and potentially climate, via sulfate aerosol and cloud condensation nuclei production5,6. It was thought that only eukaryotes produce significant amounts… 
Recent insights into oceanic dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis and catabolism.
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), a globally important organosulfur compound is produced in prodigious amounts (2.0 Pg sulfur) annually in the marine environment by phytoplankton, macroalgae,
DSYB catalyses the key step of dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis in many phytoplankton
TLDR
Identification of functional dsyB gene homologues for dimethylsulfoniopropionate production in eukaryotic phytoplankton allows estimation of the relative contributions of eUKaryotes and prokaryotes to the global pool, and indicates that this enzyme originated in bacteria.
Novel Insights Into Bacterial Dimethylsulfoniopropionate Catabolism in the East China Sea
TLDR
Gene probes to the DMSP demethylation gene dmdA and theDMSP lyase gene dddP demonstrated that these DMSP-degrading genes are abundant and widely distributed in ECS seawaters, further confirming the link between this abundant bacterial class and the environmental DMSP cycling.
Bacteria are important dimethylsulfoniopropionate producers in coastal sediments
TLDR
It is shown that DMSP concentrations and/or rates of DMSP and DMS synthesis are higher in surface sediment from, for example, saltmarsh ponds, estuaries and the deep ocean than in the overlying seawater, and that coastal and marine sediments are important sources of this climate-relevant metabolite.
Evolution of Dimethylsulfoniopropionate Metabolism in Marine Phytoplankton and Bacteria
TLDR
Experimental evidence is covered supporting the hypothesis that, as DMSP became more readily available in the marine environment, marine bacteria adapted enzymes already encoded in their genomes to utilize this new compound.
Mechanistic insight into DsyB/DSYB, key enzymes in marine dimethylsulfoniopropionate synthesis
Jonathan Todd (  jonathan.todd@uea.ac.uk ) University of East Anglia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0777-9312 Chun-Yang Li Ocean University of China Jason Crack University of East Anglia Simone
DMSP Production by Coral-Associated Bacteria
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) is an important molecule in the marine sulfur cycle, produced in large amounts by corals and their dinoflagellate endosymbionts, Symbiodiniaceae. Although corals are
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate Sulfur and Methyl Carbon Assimilation in Ruegeria Species
TLDR
Using an isotopic labeling strategy, it is demonstrated that the direct capture of methanethiol is not the primary pathway used for methionine biosynthesis in two Ruegeria species, a genus comprised primarily of globally abundant marine bacteria.
Oceanospirillales containing the DMSP lyase DddD are key utilisers of carbon from DMSP in coastal seawater
Background Ubiquitous and diverse marine microorganisms utilise the abundant organosulfur molecule dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), the main precursor of the climate-active gas dimethylsulfide
Biogenic production of DMSP and its degradation to DMS—their roles in the global sulfur cycle
TLDR
The global distribution pattern of DMSP and DMS, the known genes for biosynthesis and cleavage ofDMSP, and the physiological and ecological functions of these important organosulfur molecules are described, which will improve understanding of the mechanisms of DM SP and D MS production and their roles in the environment.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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