Dimensionalizing cultures: The Hofstede model in context

  title={Dimensionalizing cultures: The Hofstede model in context},
  author={Geert Hofstede},
  journal={International Journal of Behavioral Medicine},
  • G. Hofstede
  • Published 21 April 2011
  • Business
  • International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
This article describes briefly the Hofstede model of six dimensions of national cultures: Power Distance, Uncertainty Avoidance, Individualism/Collectivism, Masculinity/Femininity, Long/ Short Term Orientation, and Indulgence/Restraint. It shows the conceptual and research efforts that preceded it and led up to it, and once it had become a paradigm for comparing cultures, research efforts that followed and built on it. The article stresses that dimensions depend on the level of aggregation; it… 
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