The polymerization shrinkage values of commercial flowable and conventional composites were measured with a newly developed laser displacement sensor. Compressive strength and filler content were also measured. Compared to conventional composites, the flowable composites required a longer time - not exceeding 4 minutes - to reach a constant polymerization shrinkage rate. In terms of shrinkage ratio, it was less than 1.5% for conventional composites at 90 minutes, which was lower than that of flowable composites, i.e. more than 2.0%. The compressive strength of conventional composites was higher than that of flowable composites. A highly significant correlation between filler content and polymerization shrinkage at 90 minutes was observed, and polymerization shrinkage tended to decrease as filler content increased. In light of the results obtained in this study, the newly developed displacement meter with a laser displacement sensor proved to be effective for in-depth investigation of the polymerization shrinkage of dental composites.