Dilemmas in a general theory of planning

  title={Dilemmas in a general theory of planning},
  author={Horst W. J. Rittel and Melvin M. Webber},
  journal={Policy Sciences},
The search for scientific bases for confronting problems of social policy is bound to fail, becuase of the nature of these problems. They are “wicked” problems, whereas science has developed to deal with “tame” problems. Policy problems cannot be definitively described. Moreover, in a pluralistic society there is nothing like the undisputable public good; there is no objective definition of equity; policies that respond to social problems cannot be meaningfully correct or false; and it makes no… 

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