Digital Media and the Arab Spring

  title={Digital Media and the Arab Spring},
  author={Philip N. Howard and Muzammil Hussain},
As has often been noted in these pages, one world region has been practically untouched by the third wave of democratization: North Africa and the Middle East. The Arab world has lacked not only democracy, but even large popular movements pressing for it. In December 2010 and the first months of 2011, however, this situation changed with stunning speed. Massive and sustained public demonstrations demanding political reform cascaded from Tunis to Cairo, Sana’a, Amman, and Manama. This inspired… 
The February 20th Movement Communication Strategies: Towards Participatory Politics
The wave of mass protests in the Middle East and North Africa highlighted the crucial role of information communication technologies in mobilization and political change. Debate among scholars
Tweeting to Save Succeeding Generations from the Scourge of War. The UN‘s Identity and Agency Projection in Twitter
Ever since its creation, the role of the United Nations (UN) in world politics has been debated. Different images, ranging from instrument of the powerful to collective agency of and for the weak,
Social Media and the Activist Toolkit: User Agreements, Corporate Interests, and the Information Infrastructure of Modern Social Movements
The uprisings in Tunisia, Egypt, and elsewhere have been credited in part to the creative use of social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. Yet the information policies of the firms behind
Tweeting to Save Succeeding Generations from the Scourge of War? the UN, Twitter, and Communicative Action
Against the alarmed diagnosing of alleged crises, discussions in and on global governance have recently focused on the legitimacy of actors involved. In response, international organizations such as
Electronic Democracy, Public Accountability and Public Service Information Provision
This third edition of the 2013 volume of Information Polity speaks to forms of informational relationships between governments and their citizens with contributions from the USA, Sweden, Portugal and Brazil, making this edition a truly international one.
The Ideological Roots of Institutional Change
Why do some societies fail to adopt more efficient institutions in response to changing economic conditions? And why do such conditions sometimes generate ideological backlashes and at other times
Hashtags 2.0 - An Annotated History of the Hashtag and a Window to its Future
This paper makes an attempt to trace the history of the hash (#) symbol, since the hash was first used as a technology aid and towards its emergence as a new construct, the hashtag, by introducing anew construct: the “programmable hashtag” (or p#).
The uses of smart phones and their sociopolitical implications on Egyptian society
APA Citation EL Sayed, Y. (2015).The uses of smart phones and their sociopolitical implications on Egyptian society [Master’s thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Multi-level Cellular Automata-based housing allocation model for small cities in developing countries: a case study of Kasba-Tadla city, in Morocco
ABSTRACT Small cities in developing countries are under a set of transitions that imperil their sustainability and whose repercussions can reach the international level. Therefore, local