Digestion , absorption , fermentation , and metabolism of functional sugar substitutes and their available energy *

Abstract

Many kinds of oligosaccharides and sugar alcohols have been newly developed as bulking sugar substitutes that have beneficial health effects. A sugar substitute that is not digested and absorbed in the small intestine reaches the large intestine, where it is completely fermented by intestinal bacteria and produces short-chain fatty acids, which are… (More)

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