Diffusion processes involving multiple conserved charges: A study from kinetic theory and implications to the fluid-dynamical modeling of heavy ion collisions

@article{Fotakis2020DiffusionPI,
  title={Diffusion processes involving multiple conserved charges: A study from kinetic theory and implications to the fluid-dynamical modeling of heavy ion collisions},
  author={Jan A. Fotakis and Moritz Greif and Carsten Greiner and Gabriel S. Denicol and Harri Niemi},
  journal={Physical Review D},
  year={2020},
  volume={101},
  pages={076007}
}
The bulk nuclear matter produced in heavy ion collisions carries a multitude of conserved quantum numbers: electric charge, baryon number, and strangeness. Therefore, the diffusion processes associated to these conserved charges cannot occur independently and must be described in terms of a set of coupled diffusion equations. This physics is implemented by replacing the traditional diffusion coefficients for each conserved charge by a diffusion coefficient matrix, which quantifies the coupling… Expand
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