Diffusion of disinformation: How social media users respond to fake news and why

  title={Diffusion of disinformation: How social media users respond to fake news and why},
  author={Edson C. Tandoc and Darren Wen Liang Lim and Rich Ling},
  pages={381 - 398}
This exploratory study seeks to understand the diffusion of disinformation by examining how social media users respond to fake news and why. Using a mixed-methods approach in an explanatory-sequential design, this study combines results from a national survey involving 2501 respondents with a series of in-depth interviews with 20 participants from the small but economically and technologically advanced nation of Singapore. This study finds that most social media users in Singapore just ignore… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Social media, fake news and fake COVID-19 cures in Nigeria
It is found that recalling and believing fake news headlines and using social media as the main source of news, significantly decreases the likelihood of believing credible and real news stories. Expand
Local Perceptions and Practices of News Sharing and Fake News
Singapore possesses a peculiar sociocultural scene, suggesting that efforts directed towards locally relevant measures may be more effective in addressing fake news in Singapore. Expand
Perceptions of News Sharing and Fake News in Singapore
The strong trust in government communication platforms suggests that top-down civic tech initiatives may have great potential to effectively manage fake news and promote citizen engagement in Singapore. Expand
How Fake News Spreads Online?
Permeating the Internet and reaching millions of users, fake news became a pervasive phenomenon on the public agenda since the US Presidential election in 2016. The term, despite its ambiguity, hasExpand
Mobilizing Users: Does Exposure to Misinformation and Its Correction Affect Users’ Responses to a Health Misinformation Post?
Misinformation spreads on social media when users engage with it, but users can also respond to correct it. Using an experimental design, we examine how exposure to misinformation and correction onExpand
Causes and consequences of mainstream media dissemination of fake news: literature review and synthesis
ABSTRACT Research indicates that the reach of fake news websites is limited to small parts of the population. On the other hand, data demonstrate that large proportions of the public know aboutExpand
Do the right thing: Tone may not affect correction of misinformation on social media
An experiment conducted with 610 participants suggests that corrections to misinformation – pointing out information that is wrong or misleading and offering credible information in its place – onExpand
Digital Disinformation and the Imaginative Dimension of Communication
To nuance current understandings of the proliferation of digital disinformation, this article seeks to develop an approach that emphasizes the imaginative dimension of this communication phenomenon.Expand
Value for Correction: Documenting Perceptions about Peer Correction of Misinformation on Social Media in the Context of COVID-19
Although correction is often suggested as a tool against misinformation, and empirical research suggests it can be an effective one, we know little about how people perceive the act of correctingExpand
Gender Differences in Tackling Fake News: Different Degrees of Concern, but Same Problems
In the current media ecosystem, in which the traditional media coexists with new players who are able to produce information and spread it widely, there is growing concern about the increasingExpand


Fake News as a Critical Incident in Journalism
ABSTRACT This study examines how American newspapers made sense of the issue of fake news. By analysing newspaper editorials and considering the problem of fake news as a critical incidentExpand
Uncertainty about the future of journalism and what may be expected from the news media have generated special interest in how news organisations connect with the audience. In this paper threeExpand
Audiences’ acts of authentication in the age of fake news: A conceptual framework
It is found that individuals rely on both their own judgment of the source and the message, and when this does not adequately provide a definitive answer, they turn to external resources to authenticate news items. Expand
Why people use social media: a uses and gratifications approach
Purpose – This paper seeks to demonstrate the importance of uses and gratifications theory to social media. By applying uses and gratifications theory, this paper will explore and discuss the usesExpand
Mediated Skewed Diffusion of Issues Information: A Theory
The modern media ecology has changed drastically over the last decade yet scholarly theoretical perspectives lag behind lay theories regarding news diffusion making it difficult to fully articulateExpand
Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election
Following the 2016 U.S. presidential election, many have expressed concern about the effects of false stories (“fake news”), circulated largely through social media. We discuss the economics of fakeExpand
Uses and Gratifications of Social Media: A Comparison of Facebook and Instant Messaging
Users have adopted a wide range of digital technologies into their communication repertoire. It remains unclear why they adopt multiple forms of communication instead of substituting one medium forExpand
The science of fake news
Social and computer science research regarding belief in fake news and the mechanisms by which it spreads is discussed, focusing on unanswered scientific questions raised by the proliferation of its most recent, politically oriented incarnation. Expand
Defining “Fake News”
This paper is based on a review of how previous studies have defined and operationalized the term “fake news.” An examination of 34 academic articles that used the term “fake news” between 2003 andExpand
Fake News and The Economy of Emotions
This paper examines the 2016 US presidential election campaign to identify problems with, causes of and solutions to the contemporary fake news phenomenon. To achieve this, we employ textual analysisExpand