Diffraction of complex molecules by structures made of light.

@article{Nairz2001DiffractionOC,
  title={Diffraction of complex molecules by structures made of light.},
  author={Olaf Nairz and Bj{\"o}rn Brezger and Markus Arndt and Anton Zeilinger},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2001},
  volume={87 16},
  pages={
          160401
        }
}
We demonstrate that structures made of light can be used to coherently control the motion of complex molecules. In particular, we show diffraction of the fullerenes C(60) and C(70) at a thin grating based on a standing light wave. We prove experimentally that the principles of this effect, well known from atom optics, can be successfully extended to massive and large molecules which are internally in a thermodynamic mixed state and which do not exhibit narrow optical resonances. Our results… 

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