Difficulties in examination of the origin of the vertebral artery by duplex and colour-coded Doppler sonography: anatomical considerations

Abstract

Despite progress in ultrasonographic techniques visualisation of the origin of the vertebral arteries, particularly the left, by duplex and colour Doppler imaging, still poses a problem in a significant number of patients. In anatomical and radiological studies we demonstrated an anomalous origin in 6%, the left vertebral artery originating directly from… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/BF00602620

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@article{Trattnig1993DifficultiesIE, title={Difficulties in examination of the origin of the vertebral artery by duplex and colour-coded Doppler sonography: anatomical considerations}, author={Siegfrid Trattnig and Christian Matula and Franz Karnel and Kurosch L. Daha and Manfred Tschabitscher and Bernd Schwaighofer}, journal={Neuroradiology}, year={1993}, volume={35}, pages={296-299} }