Differentiation of pluripotent stem cells to muscle fiber to model Duchenne muscular dystrophy

@article{Chal2015DifferentiationOP,
  title={Differentiation of pluripotent stem cells to muscle fiber to model Duchenne muscular dystrophy},
  author={J{\'e}rome Chal and Masayuki Oginuma and Ziad Al Tanoury and B{\'e}n{\'e}dicte Gobert and Olga Sumara and Aurore Hick and Fanny Bousson and Yasmine Zidouni and Caroline Mursch and Philippe Moncuquet and Olivier Tassy and St{\'e}phane D. Vincent and Ayako Miyanari and Agata N Bera and Jean Marie Garnier and Getzabel Guevara and Marie Hestin and Leif Kennedy and Shinichiro Hayashi and Bernadette Drayton and Thomas Cherrier and Barbara Gayraud-Morel and Emanuela Gussoni and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Relaix and Shahragim Tajbakhsh and Olivier Pourqui{\'e}},
  journal={Nature Biotechnology},
  year={2015},
  volume={33},
  pages={962-969}
}
During embryonic development, skeletal muscles arise from somites, which derive from the presomitic mesoderm (PSM). Using PSM development as a guide, we establish conditions for the differentiation of monolayer cultures of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells into PSM-like cells without the introduction of transgenes or cell sorting. We show that primary and secondary skeletal myogenesis can be recapitulated in vitro from the PSM-like cells, providing an efficient, serum-free protocol for the… 

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