Differentiation of epigenetic modifications between transposons and genes.

@article{Saze2011DifferentiationOE,
  title={Differentiation of epigenetic modifications between transposons and genes.},
  author={Hidetoshi Saze and Tetsuji Kakutani},
  journal={Current opinion in plant biology},
  year={2011},
  volume={14 1},
  pages={81-7}
}
Transposable elements (TEs) and repeats are methylated and silenced epigenetically in a variety of organisms including plants. Recent results in Arabidopsis suggest that the TE silencing can be reprogrammed by small RNA during gametogenesis. On the other hand, TE-specific DNA methylation independent of small RNA can be induced by H3K9 methylation through mechanisms conserved between plants and fungi. Methylation of CG sites is found not only in TEs but also in the body of constitutively… CONTINUE READING

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