Differentiation of Self and Attachment in Adulthood: Relational Correlates of Effortful Control

  title={Differentiation of Self and Attachment in Adulthood: Relational Correlates of Effortful Control},
  author={Elizabeth A. Skowron and Anna K. Dendy},
  journal={Contemporary Family Therapy},
This study tested relations between differentiation of self, adult attachment, and effortful control in a sample of 225 adults. Results indicated that adult differentiation of self uniquely predicted greater effortful control, after accounting for variance due to attachment security. Greater ability to take “I” positions in relationships, along with lower emotional reactivity (ER) and attachment anxiety, were unique predictors of effortful control. Significant relationships emerged between… 
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Recent research has suggested that adult attachment style, an orientation to relationships thought to be determined by child-hood relationships with parents and subsequent experiences with important
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Contemporary attachment theory is inspiring a burgeoning literature on adult attachment. This literature offers counseling psychology a compelling framework for understanding the healthy and
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A model for predicting college student distress that included measures of negative life event impacts, adult attachment orientations, and several indexes of self-organization was tested. Results
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Attachment theory and close relationships.
Part I: Introduction. Simpson, Rholes, Attachment in Adulthood. Part II: Measurement Issues. Bartholomew, Shaver, Methods of Assessing Adult Attachment: Do They Converge? Brennan, Clark, Shaver,
Adult attachment style and affect regulation: strategic variations in self-appraisals.
  • M. Mikulincer
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1998
Four studies examined the link between adult attachment style and strategic variations in self-appraisals showed that avoidant persons showed a positive self-view and anxious-ambivalent persons a negative self- view, which were strengthened by distress arousal and weakened by factors that inhibit the activation of regulatory mechanisms.
Deconstructing Differentiation: Self Regulation, Interdependent Relating, and Well-Being in Adulthood
This study examined underlying similarities between the Personal Authority in the Family System Questionnaire (PAFS; Bray, Williamson, & Malone, 1984a) and the Differentiation of Self Inventory (DSI;
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Differentiation of self from the family of origin is thought to be a significant factor in psychological functioning. Bowen contended that the effects of stress are moderated by differentiation of
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Sex differences and similarities among spouses on differentiation of self were evaluated for 108 heterosexual couples who completed the Differentiation of Self Inventory 2 of Skowron. Four scores on
Bowen Theory: A Study of Differentiation of Self, Social Anxiety, and Physiological Symptoms
The study tested several propositions about an important construct in Bowen's theory of differentiation of self, using an Israeli sample of university students to examine relationships between