Differentiation of Normal and Abnormal Airway Protection during Swallowing Using the Penetration–Aspiration Scale

@article{Robbins1999DifferentiationON,
  title={Differentiation of Normal and Abnormal Airway Protection during Swallowing Using the Penetration–Aspiration Scale},
  author={JoAnne Robbins and James Coyle and Jay Rosenbek and Ellen B. Roecker and Jennifer V. Wood},
  journal={Dysphagia},
  year={1999},
  volume={14},
  pages={228-232}
}
Accidental loss of food or liquids into the airway while eating or drinking is perhaps the most clinically significant consequence of dysphagia. Although videofluoroscopic recording of swallowing is the current gold standard for identifying and determining remediation for aspiration, results are generally described in descriptive terms, thus limiting information and lending to errors of interpretation. We previously published an 8-point scale to quantitate selected aspects of penetration and… CONTINUE READING
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