Differentiation between dyspnea and its affective components.

@article{CarrieriKohlman1996DifferentiationBD,
  title={Differentiation between dyspnea and its affective components.},
  author={Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman and Jenny M. Gormley and Marilyn Kuhel Douglas and Steven M Paul and Michael S. Stulbarg},
  journal={Western journal of nursing research},
  year={1996},
  volume={18 6},
  pages={
          626-42
        }
}
This study investigated whether people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can differentiate distress and anxiety associated with dyspnea from the intensity of dyspnea and the perceived effort of breathing. Fifty-two subjects with COPD rated their perception of the individual components of dyspnea on a 200 mm visual analog scale at rest, after a 6-min walk (6MD), and every 2 min during an incremental treadmill test (ET). Subjects differentiated among the four dyspnea components at… CONTINUE READING
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