Differentiating appropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion and cerebral salt wasting: the common, uncommon, and misnamed

@article{Rivkees2008DifferentiatingAA,
  title={Differentiating appropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion and cerebral salt wasting: the common, uncommon, and misnamed},
  author={Scott A. Rivkees},
  journal={Current Opinion in Pediatrics},
  year={2008},
  volume={20},
  pages={448–452}
}
  • S. Rivkees
  • Published 1 August 2008
  • Medicine
  • Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Purpose of review Causes of hyponatremia in children include the syndrome of appropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion and cerebral salt wasting. The purpose of this review is to distinguish these possibilities, focusing on cerebral salt wasting. Recent findings Most cases of hyponatremia in children are due to the syndrome of appropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion… 
yndrome d ’ antidiurèse inappropriée ( sécrétion inappropriée d ’ hormone ntidiurétique ) he syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis
TLDR
Urea appears at present as the first-line treatment of hyponatremia in SIAD, and vaptans have demonstrated their good tolerance and their efficacy on the Adresse e-mail : thierry.frouget@chu-rennes.fr.
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis and cerebral salt wasting syndrome: are they different and does it matter?
  • M. Moritz
  • Medicine, Biology
    Pediatric Nephrology
  • 2012
TLDR
The syndrome of inappropriate antidiudresis (SIAD) and cerebral salt wasting (CSW) are similar conditions with the main difference being the absence or presence of volume depletion, but carefully conducted studies in patients with CNS disease have indicated that CSW may be more common than SIAD.
Renal salt-wasting syndrome in children with intracranial disorders
TLDR
The key to diagnosis of renal salt-wasting lies in the assessment of extra-cellular volume status: the central venous pressure is currently considered the yardstick for measuring fluid volume status in subjects with intracranial disorders and hyponatremia.
Cerebral salt-wasting syndrome in a patient with status epilepticus: a rare association
TLDR
A 46-year-old gentleman who was admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) with status epilepticus and developed hyponatraemia during course of his ICU stay, diagnosed as CSWS and managed with normal saline and fludrocortisone is presented.
[A Case of Severe Hyponatremia Caused by Renal Salt Wasting Syndrome in Oropharyngeal Cancer].
TLDR
A male with advanced oropharyngeal cancer is presented, who was treated with radiotherapy with concurrent administration of cisplatin and who underwent a total of three episodes of severe hyponatremia, due to the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion after surgery for a bone fracture.
Chronic Hyponatremia Due to the Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuresis (SIAD) in an Adult Woman with Corpus Callosum Agenesis (CCA)
TLDR
A rare case of chronic hyponatremia associated with the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis associated with CCA is reported that demonstrates the importance of correct diagnosis, management, and clinical follow-up of the SIAD, including bone densitometry.
Recent advances in the management of hyponatremia in cancer patients
TLDR
The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (SIAD) is the most common cause of hyponatremia, and the use of serum and urine parameters that distinguish SIAD from other etiologies is discussed.
Clinical Approach to Sodium Homeostasis Disorders in Children with Pituitary-Suprasellar Tumors
TLDR
The main challenge in the management of sodium homeostasis disorders in children with pituitary-suprasellar tumors is to promptly distinguish the AVP release disorder at the base of the sodium imbalance and treat it correctly by avoiding rapid sodium fluctuations.
Etiology of postoperative hyponatremia following pediatric intracranial tumor surgery.
TLDR
Cerebral salt wasting was more common following intracranial tumor surgery and was associated with younger age and female sex, making appropriate diagnosis and treatment imperative to prevent morbidity.
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