Differential responses of tiger swallowtail subspecies to secondary metabolites from tulip tree and quaking aspen

  title={Differential responses of tiger swallowtail subspecies to secondary metabolites from tulip tree and quaking aspen},
  author={Richard L. Lindroth and J Mark Scriber and Multinucleation. T. Hsia},
SummaryTwo subspecies of the eastern tiger swallowtail butterfly, Papilio glaucus, exhibit reciprocal inabilities to survive and grow on each other's preferred foodplant. P. g. canadensis R. & J. performs well on quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) but not on tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera L.); P. g. glaucus L. performs well on tulip tree but not on quaking aspen. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that secondary metabolites in tulip tree and quaking aspen are… 

Effects of the quaking aspen compounds catechol, salicin and isoniazid on two subspecies of tiger swallowtails

The results indicate that these compounds are not responsible for the differential ability of the two subspecies to use quaking aspen; P g glaucus may have been preadapted to process the test compounds because of the occurrence of similar compounds in its normal food plants.

Differential toxicity of a phenolic glycoside from quaking aspen to Papilio glaucus butterfly subspecies, hybrids and backcrosses

Papilio glaucus subspecies, hybrids and backcrosses exhibit greatly different abilities to use quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) and other members of the Salicaceae as host plants, and phenolic glycosides such as tremulacin are responsible for differential performance, and detoxification of phenolic Glycosides by midgut esterase explains why some Papilioglaucus genotypes can effectively utilize these plants.

Occurrence and performance of the aspen blotch miner, Phyllonorycter salicifoliella, on three host-tree species

There was no significant difference in egg-to-adult survival among miners on different hosts, although dominant sources of mortality did vary, and pupal mass was the only index of performance maximized on P. tremuloides, the most commonly used host.

Salicaceae detoxification abilities in Florida tiger swallowtail butterflies (Papilio glaucus maynardi Gauthier): Novel ability or Pleistocene holdover?

Florida populations of the eastern tiger swallowtail butterfly have unique morphological features and ecological adaptations that have contributed to their subspecies status, but the origins of detoxification abilities are unlikely to be due to recent climate‐driven introgression, and may represent ancestral trait carry‐overs from interglacial refugium populations ofThe Pleistocene epoch.

Magnolia virginiana Neolignan compounds as chemical barriers to swallowtail butterfly host use

Although phagostimulants play a role in the specialization of thetroilus group on the Lauraceae, the presence of toxins and/or deterrents in nonhosts is also important in determining food plant patterns in these species.

Origins of the regional feeding abilities in the tiger swallowtail butterfly: ecological monophagy and the Papilio glaucus australis subspecies in Florida

SummaryThe Highlands County, Florida populations of the eastern tiger swallowtail butterfly, Papilio glaucus L., represent a putative subspecies, P. g. australis Maynard. The only foodplant ever

Phenylpropenoid phenolics in sweetbay magnolia as chemical determinants of host use in saturniid silkmoths (Callosamia)

Two neolignan compounds, magnolol and a biphenyl ether, were found to reduce neonate growth and survival of unadapted herbivore species when painted on acceptable host leaves at concentrations similar to those found in sweetbay foliage.

Allelochemicals in foliage of unfavored tree hosts of the gypsy moth,Lymantria dispar L.

A survey of the literature on the gypsy moth suggests not only that there is a large variety of qualitative compounds, as well as the expected quantitative ones, but that unfavored hosts of the Gypsy moth are associated with the presence of alkaloids.

Ruffed grouse feeding behavior and its relationship to secondary metabolites of quaking aspen flower buds

Ruffed grouse feeding preference was not related to the tannin or total phenolic levels found in buds or catkins, and a feeding strategy where bud scales are avoided may exist for other bird species that feed on quaking aspen.

Effects of Aspen Phenolic Glycosides on Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) Susceptibility to Bacillus Thuringiensis

The results suggest that the efficacy of B. thuringiensis applications in aspen forests is likely to be affected by the allelo· chemical composition of foliage, and the putative mode of action of phenolic glycosides involves formation of degenerative lesions in the midgut.



Antibiosis/antixenosis in tulip tree and quaking aspen leaves against the polyphagous southern armyworm, Spodoptera eridania

These tannin-containing extracts of tulip tree leaves and quaking aspen leaves were generally toxic to neonate larvae and growth suppression was not due to digestibility-reduction, but instead to suppressed consumption rates and greatly increased metabolic costs as reflected in reduced biomass conversion efficiencies.

Distribution of birch (Betula SPP.), willow (Salix SPP.), and poplar (Populus SPP.) secondary metabolites and their potential role as chemical defense against herbivores

  • R. Palo
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Chemical Ecology
  • 2004
Isoprenoids and phenolics, major metabolites of important browse species, are reviewed in regard to concentrations, distribution within tissues, and between species. Seasonal variation of specific

Phenolic glycosides govern the food selection pattern of willow feeding leaf beetles

Very rare glycosides or exceptional combination of several glycoside types seem to provide certain willow species with high level of resistance against most herbivorous insects.


Findings are inconsistent with the proposed mechanism of digestibility reduction by tannins and demonstrate that some degree of counteradaptation is possible in coevolved species, and tannin may possess toxic properties other than digestibility Reduction.

Ecological Effects of Salicin at Three Trophic Levels: New Problems from Old Adaptations

The results illustrate how a plant secondary chemical can become a problem for the plant when herbivores are adapted to use the chemical for their own benefit.

Allelochemicals and Alimentary Ecology: Heterosis in a Hybrid Zone?

Research over the last several years has addressed various concerns in considerable detail for leaf-chewing Lepidoptera and has made it more feasible to differentiate between environmental and/or food plant effects and heritable physiological adaptations.

Finding and Accepting Host Plants

The plant-based resource units insects use for refugia, mating sites, and food vary in two fundamental ways; the quality of resources offered by a given plant varies widely with factors such as plant tissue, growth stage, and plant nutritional states.

Brementown revisited: interaction among allelochemicals in plants

Interactions among co-occurring secondary compounds as regards herbivory, insect and otherwise, have been largely ignored by investigators who have instead concentrated on single classes of secondary products.

Interactions of Snowshoe Hare and Feltleaf Willow in Alaska

Feed choice trials demonstrated that the palatability of winter—dormant S. alaxensis to snowshoe hares is a function of the age of the sprout and its chemistry rather than the accessibility (height) or morphology of the twigs.

The Role of Trichomes in Plant Defense

  • D. Levin
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1973
It is clear that trichomes play a role in plant defense, especially with regard to phytophagous insects, and in numerous species there is a negative correlation between trichome density and insect feeding and oviposition responses, and the nutrition of larvae.