The early (3 months) and later (6 months) patterns of incorporation and bone formation have been evaluated histomorphometrically for different types of bone grafts; that is, vascularized and nonvascularized autografts with and without ciclosporin, and vascularized and nonvascularized dog leukocyte antigen (DLA)-mismatched allografts with and without ciclosporin. The vascularized bones were superior to the nonvascularized ones in healing and remodeling their grafted segments. In the autograft bones, ciclosporin did not alter the incorporation process 3 months after transplantation but delayed and increased the remodeling activities in the long run (6 months). Nonvascularized allografts underwent vigorous resorption, and were markedly porotic. Ciclosporin administration significantly reduced resorption and enhanced remodeling in nonvascularized allografts. The remodeling of allografts was similar to that of autografts in the presence of ciclosporin, but stopped soon after the administration of ciclosporin ceased.