Differential learning rates of chemical versus visual cues of a northern pike by fathead minnows in a natural habitat

@article{Brown2004DifferentialLR,
  title={Differential learning rates of chemical versus visual cues of a northern pike by fathead minnows in a natural habitat},
  author={Grant E. Brown and Douglas P Chivers and Robert F. Smith},
  journal={Environmental Biology of Fishes},
  year={2004},
  volume={49},
  pages={89-96}
}
We stocked 39 juvenile pike, Esox lucius, into a previously pike free pond which contained a population of approximately 78 000 fathead minnows, Pimephales promelas. Fathead minnows sampled prior to pike stocking did not show a stereotypic fright response to either visual or chemical cues from pike. After stocking pike, we sampled minnows every two days for a period of two weeks. Minnows sampled six days after stocking still did not show a fright response to the sight of a pike, but those… CONTINUE READING

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