Differential expression of GDF-9 and BMP- 15 during follicular development in canine ovaries evaluated by flow cytometry.


Growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF-9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP-15) play important functions in follicular and oocyte development in many species. This study evaluated the dynamic expression of GDF-9 and BMP-15 in canine follicles cells using flow cytometry analysis. Follicular cells were removed from three sizes of antral follicles (small, medium and large) from ovaries of bitches throughout the estrus cycle. Cells were incubated with anti-human GDF-9 polyclonal and anti-mouse BMP-15 monoclonal antibodies. A size and complexity discriminatory gate was used for the cytometryc analysis in the initial dot plot and, additionally, a CD45 marker for leukocyte and propidium iodide (PI) were used for erythrocyte and debris discrimination. The evidence corroborated the presence of both proteins in canine follicle cells, but these proteins were not expressed equally during follicular development. The results analyzed by ANOVA showed that GDF-9 expression decreased (P<0.05) during follicular growth in anestrus and proestrous/estrous, but increased in diestrus (P<0.05). The expression levels of BMP-15 rose (P<0.05) from small to medium sizes in anestrous without changing at diestrus. Small antral follicles expressed the highest values of GDF-9 at anestrus while only BMP-15 showed higher value in small antral follicles at proestrous-estrus compared to diestrus and anestrus. Both proteins decreased in proestrous/estrous (P<0.05) with increasing follicle size, registering the lowest levels in large follicles. The flow cytometric assay was able to assess GDF-9 and BMP-15 expression in canine follicular cells, showing that these proteins were differentially expressed during follicular development, possibly related to the special features of canine reproduction.

DOI: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2016.02.005

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@article{Fernndez2016DifferentialEO, title={Differential expression of GDF-9 and BMP- 15 during follicular development in canine ovaries evaluated by flow cytometry.}, author={Tom{\'a}s Fern{\'a}ndez and Jaime Palomino and V{\'i}ctor Hugo Parr{\'a}guez and Oscar Alejandro Peralta and M{\'o}nica de los Reyes}, journal={Animal reproduction science}, year={2016}, volume={167}, pages={59-67} }