Differential effects of maternal heroin and methadone use on birthweight.

@article{Kandall1976DifferentialEO,
  title={Differential effects of maternal heroin and methadone use on birthweight.},
  author={Stephen R. Kandall and Susan L. Albin and Joyce H. Lowinson and Beatrice Bishop Berle and Arthur Isaac Eidelman and Lawrence M. Gartner},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={1976},
  volume={58 5},
  pages={
          681-5
        }
}
An analysis of birthweights of 337 neonates in relation to history of maternal narcotic usage was undertaken. Mean birthweight of infants born to mothers abusing heroin during the pregnancy was 2,490 gm, an effect primarily of intrauterine growth retardation. Low mean birthweight (2,615 gm) was also seen in infants born to mothers who had abused heroin only prior to this pregnancy, and mothers who had used both heroin and methadone during the pregnancy (2,535 gm). Infants born to mothers on… CONTINUE READING

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