Differential effects of GLUT-1 or GLUT-4 overexpression on insulin responsiveness in transgenic mice.


The effect of glucose transporter expression on insulin-stimulated whole body glucose disposal was examined in transgenic mice overexpressing GLUT-1 or GLUT-4. Transgenic mice and their control littermates were subjected to a euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp under pentobarbital sodium anesthesia using an insulin infusion rate of 20 mU.kg-1.min-1 and a variable glucose infusion rate (GIR). Fasted mice overexpressing GLUT-1 in skeletal muscle exhibited a GIR that was only 54% that of controls (19.3 +/- 1.8 vs. 36.0 +/- 3.9 mg.kg-1.min-1) when blood glucose was clamped at euglycemic values. In contrast, fasted mice overexpressing GLUT-4 in fat and muscle exhibited a GIR that was 40% higher than controls (53.9 +/- 2.3 vs. 39.1 +/- 2.5 mg.kg-1.min-1). At the end of the clamp, beta-hydroxybutyrate levels were 10-fold higher in the GLUT-1 transgenic mice relative to nontransgenic littermates (2.0 +/- 0.6 vs. 0.2 +/- 0.1 mM) but did not differ between the GLUT-4 transgenic mice and their control littermates (0.3 +/- 0.1 vs. 0.3 +/- 0.1 mM). These data demonstrate that the level of expression of a glucose transporter in muscle and fat can have marked effects on whole body glucose homeostasis and fuel metabolism. Insulin responsiveness was enhanced by overexpression of GLUT-4. Strikingly, however, overexpression of GLUT-1 in muscle induced a profound reduction in insulin-stimulated whole body glucose disposal.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


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@article{Marshall1994DifferentialEO, title={Differential effects of GLUT-1 or GLUT-4 overexpression on insulin responsiveness in transgenic mice.}, author={Bess A. Marshall and Mike M Mueckler}, journal={The American journal of physiology}, year={1994}, volume={267 5 Pt 1}, pages={E738-44} }