Differential circulating concentrations of adipokines, glucagon and adropin in a clinical population of lean, overweight and diabetic cats

Abstract

BACKGROUND Dyslipidemia, dysregulated adipokine secretion and alteration in glucagon and adropin concentrations are important obesity-related factors in the pathophysiology of human Type 2 diabetes; however, their roles in the pathophysiology of feline diabetes mellitus are relatively unknown. Here, we determined the concentrations of circulating leptin, adiponectin, pro-inflammatory cytokines, glucagon, adropin, triglycerides, and cholesterol, in non-diabetic lean and overweight cats and newly diagnosed diabetic cats. Client-owned cats were recruited and assigned into 3 study groups: lean, overweight and diabetic. Fasting blood samples were analyzed in lean, overweight and diabetic cats at baseline and 4 weeks after consumption of high protein/low carbohydrate standardized diet. RESULTS Serum concentrations of triglycerides were greater in diabetics at baseline and were increased in both diabetic and overweight cats at 4 weeks. Plasma leptin concentrations were greater in diabetic and overweight at baseline and 4 weeks, whereas adiponectin was lower in diabetics compared to lean and overweight cats at baseline and 4 weeks. Diabetics had greater baseline plasma glucagon concentrations compared to lean, lower adropin than overweight at 4 weeks, and lower IL-12 concentrations at 4 weeks than baseline. CONCLUSIONS Our results suggest that feline obesity and diabetes mellitus are characterized by hypertriglyceridemia and hyperleptinemia; however, diabetic cats have significantly lower adiponectin and adropin compared to overweight cats. Thus, despite having similar body condition, overweight and diabetic cats have differential circulating concentrations of adiponectin and adropin.

DOI: 10.1186/s12917-017-1011-x

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Zapata2017DifferentialCC, title={Differential circulating concentrations of adipokines, glucagon and adropin in a clinical population of lean, overweight and diabetic cats}, author={Rizaldy C. Zapata and Melissa D. Meachem and Natalia Cavalca Cardoso and Susan O. Mehain and Chantal J. McMillan and Elisabeth Christine Roberston Snead and Prasanth K Chelikani}, booktitle={BMC veterinary research}, year={2017} }