Differential Punishing of African Americans and Whites Who Possess Drugs: A Just Policy or a Continuation of the Past?

  title={Differential Punishing of African Americans and Whites Who Possess Drugs: A Just Policy or a Continuation of the Past?},
  author={R. Alexander and Jacquelyn Gyamerah},
  journal={Journal of Black Studies},
  pages={111 - 97}
Five African Americans in Minnesota were arrested and charged with possession of a cocaine base, known on the street as crack. The statute that they were charged under provided that possession of 3 or more grams of crack cocaine was a third-degree felony, punishable by up ta 20 years of incarceration, In addition, the same ; statute provided that possession of 10 grams or more of a cocaine powder was a third-degree felony. Less than 10 grams of cocaine powder was a fifth-degree felony… Expand
C.R.A.C.K.: A progeny of eugenics and a forlorn representation for African Americans
African Americans have long endured Whites studying, manipulating, and controlling their population and sexuality. The eugenics movement is an example of this. Allied with the founders of PlannedExpand
Income and wealth transfer effects of discrimination in sentencing
ConclusionThere is substantial evidence that African—Americans have been subjected to disparate treatment in the sentencing phase of the criminal justice process. 24 the type, method, and extent ofExpand
Race matters: A critical look at racial profiling, it's a matter for the courts
Abstract The disproportionate number of minority motorists stopped by the police gives rise to a host of salient questions which center on contemporary police practices. Research has shown thatExpand
Analysis of Paul Butler's Race-Based Jury Nullification and His Call to Black Jurors and the African American Community
Paul Butler argues that due to disparate impact on African Americans in the criminal justice system, African American jurors ought to exercise their right of nullification when there are AfricanExpand
Perceived Need for Substance Abuse Treatment Among White, Hispanic, and Black Juvenile Arrestees
Examination of racial/ethnic differences with regard to perceived need for treatment among a sample of White, Hispanic, and Black drug-using male juvenile arrestees indicates those within all racial/ ethnic groups who admit dependency and/or have had prior treatment experience are more likely to perceive that they need treatment than those who do not. Expand
Health Implications of Incarceration and Reentry on Returning Citizens: A Qualitative Examination of Black Men’s Experiences in a Northeastern City
The findings show both race- and gender-specific outcomes for the men in the sample, and health and wellness appears to be a significant theme that governs their (in)ability to matriculate society. Expand
Racial Bias in Mock Juror Decision-Making: A Meta-Analytic Review of Defendant Treatment
The results suggest that a small, yet significant, effect of racial bias in decision-making is present across studies, but that the effect becomes more pronounced when certain moderators are considered. Expand
Databases, Felons, and Voting: Errors and Bias in the Florida Felons Exclusion List in the 2000 Presidential Elections
This paper examines the production and use of the exclusion lists by the state, its private sector contractor, Database Technologies (DBT), and Florida’s 67 counties between 1998 and the 2000Expand
Punishing Rural Migrant Offenders
This chapter turns to look at the punishment of migrant offending. It primarily examines the treatment of rural migrant offenders in the Chinese criminal justice system. It first explores theExpand
What makes a good police officer? Phenomenological reflections from the African‐American community
This paper reports the results of a study using a phenomenological method. The study investigates two questions: (1) what are African‐Americans’ perceptions of the police following contact with aExpand


Race And Juvenile Court Decision Making Revisited
Unfortunately, racism, perpetrated by virtually all of America's governmental institutions, has long been a fact and problem of American life. Prior research suggests that America's juvenile justiceExpand
On the Racial Disproportionality of United States' Prison Populations
One of the most distressing and troublesome aspects of the operation of the criminal justice system in the United States is the severe disproportionality between blacks and whites in the compositionExpand
THE MYTH OF A RACIST CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM William Wilbanks Brooks/Cole (a div. of Wadsworth Pub
White and black Americans differ sharply over whether their criminal justice system is racist. The vast majority of blacks appear to believe that the police and courts do discriminate against blacks,Expand
Racism on Trial: New Evidence to Explain the Racial Composition of Prisons in the United States
In 1926, the federal government began keeping annual records of the number of admissions to state prisons.' That year, about one in four persons entering state prisons was black while only one inExpand
This paper identifies and analyzes the political and economic functions of the state penal systems in the southern United States after the Civil War. The system of prison administration, discipline,Expand
Changing Conceptions of Race: Toward an Account of Anomalous Findings of Sentencing Research
Theories based on static and simplistic conceptions of the social significance of race fail to account for anomalous research findings and confuse our understanding of race-related outcomes. ToExpand
Black politid power and alminal]urtice: Washington county, Texu 1868-1884
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  • 1992
Hobbling a generalion: Young Nda-Amrrican males In D. C. b crlminaljUStice 5y5tem AlcxanMa
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