Different views on ethics: how animal ethics is situated in a committee culture

@article{Ideland2009DifferentVO,
  title={Different views on ethics: how animal ethics is situated in a committee culture},
  author={M. Ideland},
  journal={Journal of Medical Ethics},
  year={2009},
  volume={35},
  pages={258 - 261}
}
  • M. Ideland
  • Published 2009
  • Medicine
  • Journal of Medical Ethics
Research that includes non-human animal experimentation is fundamentally a dilemmatic enterprise. Humans use other animals in research to improve life for their own species. Ethical principles are established to deal with this dilemma. But despite this ethical apparatus, people who in one way or another work with animal experimentation have to interpret and understand the principles from their individual points of view. In interviews with members of Swedish animal ethics committees, different… Expand
Animal Ethics in Animal Research
The use of animals in research has always been surrounded by ethical controversy. This book provides an overview of the central ethical issues focusing on the interconnectedness of science, law andExpand
Decisions about the Use of Animals in Research: Ethical Reflection by Animal Ethics Committee Members
TLDR
Policy may invalidate how some AEC members naturally make decisions, and AEC effectiveness could be improved by clarifying the elements of harm-benefit assessments and the relation between AEC and scientific peer review, keeping in mind that peer review does not offer the same assurances that the AEC brings. Expand
Ethical Review of the Use of Animals in Research : A Reflection on the Journey
It is nearly forty years since the first committees were established to review the ethical acceptability of research using animals. Drivers for the establishment of these committees were theExpand
Assessing the animal ethics review process
Although animal experiments play an important role in biomedical research, their use is ethically challenging. Primarily in Europe, North America and Australasia ethics committees are set up toExpand
Emotions and Ethical Decision-Making in Animal Ethics Committees
TLDR
It is suggested that one way of achieving a more thorough, balanced and inclusive ethical evaluation is to allow for more than one model of ethical reasoning, and that alternative models for ethical decision-making could contribute to an improved process and meet public trust. Expand
A case for integrity: gains from including more than animal welfare in animal ethics committee deliberations
TLDR
It is argued that concepts like animal integrity are often left out of project authorization processes within AECs, because animal ethics is often interpreted narrowly to include only certain aspects of animal welfare. Expand
Decision making and the role of empathy in animal ethics committees (AECs)
Ethical evaluation of scientific studies carried out using animals is legally mandated in many countries and has been so in Sweden for over three decades. The animal ethics committees (AECs)Expand
Institution animal care and use committees need greater ethical diversity
  • L. Hansen
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Medical Ethics
  • 2012
TLDR
It is suggested that an infusion of ethical diversity by increasing the percentage of institutionally unaffiliated members on IACUCs would broaden their ethical perspectives and enable them to better address public concerns about laboratory animal welfare. Expand
Engaging Ethicists in Animal Research Policymaking.
TLDR
It is suggested that a more robust engagement with the professional ethics community throughout the deliberative process is vital for policymakers to adequately account for ethical considerations. Expand
Mortal love: Care practices in animal experimentation
This article addresses the embodied nature of laboratory human—animal practices in order to understand the notions of care that take place within an institution of domination — the apparatus ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 28 REFERENCES
In the Name of Science: Issues in Responsible Animal Experimentation
TLDR
In the Name of Science: Issues in Responsible Animal Experimentation is about attitudes, ethical arguments, legislation, protocol review, animal pain scales, and so forth, all issues that are on center stage in the debate over animal experimentation. Expand
Factors influencing the effectiveness of research ethics committees
TLDR
It is found that a bias towards institutional or scientific interests may result from a preponderance of institutional and scientist members, an intimidating atmosphere for community members and other minority members, recruitment of members, workload, participation level and member turnover. Expand
The refining influence of ethics committees on animal experimentation in Sweden
TLDR
The results suggest that the work of the committees may be perceived as an ongoing process, since several of the applications for which modification was requested were projects that had been approved on a previous occasion but were now up for renewal. Expand
Genetically modified animals in research : an analysis of applications submitted to ethics committees on animal experimentation in Sweden
The use of genetically modified animals in biomedical research has increased during recent years and its ethical aspects have been subject to academic discussion. In order to make this discussionExpand
The Animal Ethics Reader
Contents Foreword by Bernard E. Rollin Acknowledgments "Gatha for All Threatened Beings" Introduction: A Sketch of the History and Current State of Animal Ethics Chapter 1. Theories of Animal EthicsExpand
Expanding the Three Rs to Meet New Challenges in Humane Animal Experimentation
TLDR
The adoption of more expanded definitions of refinement that go beyond minimising distress will capture concerns for enhancing the quality of life of animals through improved husbandry and handling. Expand
A feeling for the animal : On becoming an experimentalist
This article deals with questions that arose during a 2-week university course in nonhuman animal laboratory science. Doctoral students and researchers take the course to acquire the knowledgeExpand
Sacrifice and the Transformation of the Animal Body into a Scientific Object: Laboratory Culture and Ritual Practice in the Neurosciences
  • M. Lynch
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Social studies of science
  • 1988
TLDR
It is argued that `sacrifice' means much more than simply killing a specimen, and that the violence done to the animal victim is part of a systematic `consecration' of its body to transform it into a bearer of transcendental significances. Expand
Applied Ethics in Animal Research: Philosophy, Regulation, and Laboratory Applications
This volume covers the following topics: moral standings of animals, history of the methods of argumentation, knowledge of the animal mind, nature and value of regulatory structures, and how respectExpand
GENE TECHNOLOGY AT STAKE
Ever since its inception in the early 1970s, gene technology has engendered societal hopes and expectations as well as fears and doubts. This book examines the Swedish political response to theseExpand
...
1
2
3
...