Different transcription regulation routes are exerted by L- and D-amino acid enantiomers of peptide hormones.

Conversion of one or more amino acids in eukaryotic peptides to the D-enantiomer configuration is catalyzed by specific L/D-peptide isomerases and it is a poorly investigated post-translational modification. No common modified amino acid or specific modified position has been recognized, and mechanisms underlying changes in the peptide function provided by… (More)