We have tested the different edible oil effects on the blood pressure (BP) control and the following glomerular protection. Six groups of 12-week-old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) (n = 5), have received different edible oils (fish, canola, palm, olive, and soybean) or a placebo by gavage for 13 weeks. Renal cortex was analyzed through light microscopy and stereology. Usual BP increase, glomerulosclerosis, glomerular enlargement, and glomeruli loss in SHR has been prevented (fish, canola and palm oils) or attenuated (olive and soybean oils) by these oil long-term administration. The most favorable effect has been seen in the fish oil administration (source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, PUFA, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids), followed by both canola and palm oils (source of n-3 PUFA plus n-9 monounsaturated, MUFA, and saturated fatty acid, respectively), and finally both olive and soybean oils (source of n-9 MUFA and n-6 PUFA, respectively).