Different Threats, Different Militaries:Explaining Organizational Practices in Authoritarian Armies

@article{Talmadge2016DifferentTD,
  title={Different Threats, Different Militaries:Explaining Organizational Practices in Authoritarian Armies},
  author={Caitlin Talmadge},
  journal={Security Studies},
  year={2016},
  volume={25},
  pages={111 - 141}
}
Why do some states generate competent, professional military organizations, while others fail to do so even when they have the required economic, demographic, and technological endowments? Variation in states’ military organizational practices—their core policies related to promotion patterns, training regimens, command arrangements, and information management—holds the key. This article develops a typology of such practices and explains why and how they vary in response to the internal and… Expand
Authoritarian regimes and civil–military relations: Explaining counterbalancing in autocracies
How do autocracies structure their civil–military relations? We contend that personalist dictators are more strongly associated with counterbalancing than other authoritarian regime types.Expand
‘DEFECTION-PROOFED’ MILITARIES AND AUTHORITARIAN REGIME SURVIVAL
The question of loyalty in autocratic regimes has drawn a sustained scholarly interest, especially with the resilience of many of these regimes over most of world history and over the past fewExpand
Grist to the mill of subversion: strikes and coups in counterinsurgencies
Why are acts of organized resistance associated with coups? Inspired by the Arab Spring, a large literature suggests that militaries confronted with civil resistance tend to side with protesters andExpand
Diversionary Peace: International Peacekeeping and Domestic Civil-Military Relations
ABSTRACT What is the impact of international peacekeeping missions for civil-military relations at home? This article unpacks the conditions that produce positive effects of peacekeepingExpand
Organizing Evaluation: Assessing Combat Leadership Quality
What determines military effectiveness? Previous literature has examined factors such as military doctrine, culture, and capabilities, regime type, and civil-military relations, but has largelyExpand
Leader Survival Strategies and the Onset of Civil Conflict: A Coup-Proofing Paradox
It is paradoxical that authoritarian leaders often hold power for long periods of time, despite their states being plagued with rebellion. Scholarship has argued the practice of coup-proofing isExpand
How Mosul fell: the role of coup-proofing in the 2014 partial collapse of the Iraqi security forces
The Islamic State’s capture of the Iraqi city of Mosul in June 2014 was a seismic event. How can this be explained? This article answers this question by turning to the literature on anti-coup d’etatExpand
XI Jinping's authoritarianism, Chinese foreign policy and India
China's President Xi Jinping has placed great emphasis on power consolidation, focusing on domestic restructuring to enhance the centrality of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and its communistExpand
How to Keep Officers in the Barracks? Causes, Agents, and Types of Military Coups
Citing this paper Please note that where the full-text provided on King's Research Portal is the Author Accepted Manuscript or Post-Print version this may differ from the final Published version. IfExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES
What Determines Military Victory? Testing the Modern System
This paper assesses the relative importance of force employment as a cause of military victory. It focuses on the adoption of the modern system in interstate wars since 1917. Using cases, contingencyExpand
Victory by Other Means
Why did the communists win the Vietnam War? That question has tor- mented many Americans—and undoubtedly many Vietnamese as well—for over a quarter of a century. As a general rule, the answer usuallyExpand
Blood and Debt: War and Taxation in Nineteenth‐Century Latin America1
  • M. Centeno
  • Economics
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 1997
Using data from 11 Latin American countries, this article challenges the universality of the positive relationship between war and state making. Availability of external resources, stateExpand
Civil-Military Relations in North Vietnam
North Vietnam's military history, problems and development resemble China's and suggest that North Vietnam's civil-military relations might follow the Chinese pattern. In China, independent militaryExpand
Vietnam's Forgotten Army: Heroism and Betrayal in the ARVN
Vietnam's Forgotten Army: Heroism and Betrayal in the ARVN. By Andrew A. Wiest. New York: New York University Press, 2008. xviii, 350 pages.Transcending well-established narratives aboutExpand
PAVN : People's Army of Vietnam
From the original 34-man Armed Propaganda Team of the 1930s, headed by Vo Nguyen Giap and managed by Ho Chi Minh, the People's Army of Vietnam has grown into the third largest military force in theExpand
Inside the VC and the NVA: The Real Story of North Vietnam's Armed Forces
If the costs of the Vietnam War were great to Americans and staggering to the South Vietnamese, they were even worse for the North. And those costs were borne largely by the individual soldiers - theExpand
The Communist Road To Power In Vietnam
* Introduction * The Rise of the Revolutionary Movement (19001930) * Out of the Ashes (19301941) * Prelude to Revolt (19411945) * The Days of August (AugustSeptember 1945) * The Uneasy PeaceExpand
Advice and support
Many organisations independent of Birmingham City Council can provide advice and support. The following are details of the relevant council services as well as non-profit organisations that haveExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...