Differences in embryogenesis of epispadias, exstrophy-epispadias complex and hypospadias.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Minor variants of a spectrum of anomalies are usually more common than the major variants. Penile epispadias is rare compared with the relatively more common exstrophy-epispadias complex, but it has been assumed that the former is simply a lesser form of the latter. This assumption is challenged and an alternative explanation is proposed for the… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2005.01.008

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@article{Stephens2005DifferencesIE, title={Differences in embryogenesis of epispadias, exstrophy-epispadias complex and hypospadias.}, author={F. Douglas Stephens and John M Hutson}, journal={Journal of pediatric urology}, year={2005}, volume={1 4}, pages={283-8} }