Working with patients with intracranial aneurysms, we have developed a clinical suspicion that there may be differences in the rupture rate of aneurysms depending on the aneurysm’s anatomical location. The aim of the study was to examine the anatomical distribution of ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms in a defined population. We retrospectively included all patients with an aneurysm treated in our institution between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 1999, and collected the relevant data from the individual patient files. With the Koivisto categories for aneurysm location, we gathered the aneurysms into four categories: ACA, MCA, ICA, and VBA. Four hundred forty-four aneurysms were included in the study: 361 in SAH patients and 83 in patients without SAH. ACA aneurysms were over-represented in the ruptured group (36.0% vs. 9.6%, p < 0.0001). MCA aneurysms were more frequent in the unruptured group (51.8% vs. 29.6%, p < 0.0002). Ruptured ACA aneurysms were over-represented among males (p < 0.0001), whereas ruptured ICA aneurysms were more frequent among females (p < 0.0001). Ruptured aneurysms in the posterior circulation were more frequently found on the left side (p < 0.0001). This study shows that the anatomical distribution of aneurysms is different in SAH patients compared with patients with unruptured aneurysms. Haemodynamic features of the vessel of origin may explain the differences we have found. Furthermore, this study suggests that it is of particular importance to treat patients with incidentally found ACA aneurysms.