Dietary nitrogen and fish welfare

  title={Dietary nitrogen and fish welfare},
  author={Lu{\'i}s E. C. Conceiç{\~a}o and C. M. L. de Arag{\~a}o and J. Dias and Benjam{\'i}n Costas and Genciana Terova and Catarina Martins and L. Tort},
  journal={Fish Physiology and Biochemistry},
Little research has been done in optimizing the nitrogenous fraction of the fish diets in order to minimize welfare problems. The purpose of this review is to give an overview on how amino acid (AA) metabolism may be affected when fish are under stress and the possible effects on fish welfare when sub-optimal dietary nitrogen formulations are used to feed… CONTINUE READING