Dietary fiber consumption and risk of stroke

@article{Zhang2013DietaryFC,
  title={Dietary fiber consumption and risk of stroke},
  author={Zhizhong Zhang and Gelin Xu and Dezhi Liu and Wusheng Zhu and Xin-ying Fan and Xinfeng Liu},
  journal={European Journal of Epidemiology},
  year={2013},
  volume={28},
  pages={119-130}
}
Observational studies suggest an association between dietary fiber consumption and risk of stroke, but the results are inconclusive. The authors conducted a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies to evaluate the relation between dietary fiber consumption and stroke risk and mortality. Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed, Embase, and ISI Web of Science through February 2013. We included prospective studies that reported relative risks (RRs) with 95 % confidence intervals… 

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References

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Findings of this meta-analysis indicate a significant inverse dose-response relationship between dietary fiber intake and risk of stroke.

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Dietary fiber intake and risk of cardiovascular disease in the Japanese population: the Japan Public Health Center-based study cohort

Higher total dietary fiber was associated with reduced risk of CVD in Japanese non-smokers and was inversely associated with the incidence of stroke, either cerebral infarction or intracerebral hemorrhage in women.

Long-term intake of dietary fiber and decreased risk of coronary heart disease among women.

The hypothesis that higher fiber intake, particularly from cereal sources, reduces the risk of CHD is supported, and the association between long-term intake of total dietary fiber as well as fiber from different sources and risk ofCHD in women is examined.

Dietary fiber and fiber-rich food intake in relation to risk of stroke in male smokers

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Intake of potassium, magnesium, calcium, and fiber and risk of stroke among US men.

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Increasing the intake of fiber in Western populations, where intake is far below recommended levels, may contribute to the prevention of hypertension.

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It is suggested that high intake of refined carbohydrate is associated with hemorrhagic stroke risk, particularly among overweight or obese women, and high consumption of cereal fiber was associated with lower risk of total and hemorrhagic Stroke.