Intestinal function and body growth of broiler chickens on diets based on maize dried at different temperatures and supplemented with a microbial enzyme.
The effects of corn oil, guar gum and cellulose on mucosal proliferation were investigated in rats. Animals were allocated to three groups and fed a fiber-free diet or diets containing 100 g/kg of cellulose or guar gum. Each group was subdivided to receive corn oil at 40 or 80 g/kg. The crypt cell production rate (CCPR) was determined after 28 d. Consumption of guar gum or corn oil led to greater CCPR in the ileum and cecum. In a second experiment, animals were allocated to two groups and fed diets containing either cellulose or guar gum (100 g/kg). Each group was again subdivided to receive either corn oil (80 g/kg) or minimal lipid (linolenic acid, 10 g/kg). The trophic effect of guar gum occurred even in the low lipid-fed group, indicating that guar gum exerts a positive effect on cell turnover independently of any interaction with luminal lipid. However, the highest CCPR occurred in animals fed guar gum and corn oil. Postprandial enteroglucagon and gastrin concentrations were highest in animals fed both guar gum and corn oil. Thus, corn oil and guar gum exert independent trophic effects on the intestinal mucosa. The combination of effects led to a three- to four-fold increase in colon mucosal CCPR.