Dietary Iron Intake and Iron Status of German Female Vegans: Results of the German Vegan Study

  title={Dietary Iron Intake and Iron Status of German Female Vegans: Results of the German Vegan Study},
  author={A. Waldmann and Jochen W. Koschizke and Claus Leitzmann and Andreas Hahn},
  journal={Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism},
  pages={103 - 108}
Background: As shown in previous studies vegetarians and especially vegans are at risk for iron deficiency. Our study evaluated the iron status of German female vegans. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the dietary intakes of 75 vegan women were assessed by two 9-day food frequency questionnaires. The iron status was analyzed on the basis of blood parameters. Results: Mean daily iron intake was higher than recommended by the German Nutrition Society. Still 42% of the female vegans <50… 

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