Dietary Intake and Risk of Developing Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Systematic Review of the Literature

@article{Hou2011DietaryIA,
  title={Dietary Intake and Risk of Developing Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Systematic Review of the Literature},
  author={Jason Ken Hou and Bincy P Abraham and Hashem B. El‐Serag},
  journal={The American Journal of Gastroenterology},
  year={2011},
  volume={106},
  pages={563-573}
}
OBJECTIVES:The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing. [] Key MethodRESULTS:Nineteen studies were included, encompassing 2,609 IBD patients (1,269 Crohn’s disease (CD) and 1,340 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients) and over 4,000 controls. Studies reported a positive association between high intake of saturated fats, monounsaturated fatty acids, total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), total omega-3 fatty acids, omega-6 fatty acids, mono- and disaccharides, and meat and increased…
Dairy Products, Dietary Calcium, and Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Results From a European Prospective Cohort Investigation
TLDR
Milk consumption may be associated with a decreased risk of developing CD, although a clear dose-response relationship was not established and further studies are warranted to confirm this possible protective effect.
Carbohydrate Intake in the Etiology of Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis
TLDR
The lack of associations with these nutrients is in agreement with many case–control studies that have not identified associations with CD or UC, as there is biological plausibility for how specific carbohydrates could have an etiological role in inflammatory bowel disease.
Dietary Patterns and Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Europe: Results from the EPIC Study
TLDR
A diet imbalance with high consumption of sugar and soft drinks and low consumption of vegetables was associated with UC risk, and further studies are needed to investigate whether microbiota alterations or other mechanisms mediate this association.
DIETARY GLUTEN INTAKE IS NOT ASSOCIATED WITH RISK OF INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE IN U.S. ADULTS WITHOUT CELIAC DISEASE.
  • Emily W. Lopes, B. Lebwohl, H. Khalili
  • Medicine
    Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association
  • 2021
Diet and Inflammatory Bowel Disease: What is the Role?
TLDR
Animal studies and population-based human studies serve as the knowledge base for IBD risk associations, and Exclusive enteral nutrition, the most studied dietary therapy in IBD, has demonstrated benefit in pediatric patients with Crohn’s disease.
High School Diet and Risk of Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis
TLDR
Adolescent diet is associated with risk of CD, but not UC, offering insights into disease pathogenesis, and neither dietary patterns nor individual food or nutrient groups was associated with UC.
Dietary interventions for induction and maintenance of remission in inflammatory bowel disease
TLDR
The effect of high fiber, low refined carbohydrates, low microparticle diet, low calcium diet, symptoms-guided diet and highly restricted organic diet on clinical remission in active CD is uncertain and the certainty of evidence is uncertain.
Dietary interventions for induction and maintenance of remission in inflammatory bowel disease.
TLDR
The effect of high fiber, low refined carbohydrates, low microparticle diet, low calcium diet, symptoms-guided diet and highly restricted organic diet on clinical remission in active CD is uncertain.
The Role of Diet in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
TLDR
Until several ongoing clinical trials are completed, a reasonable approach to dietary recommendations for patients with IBD is to propose a well-balanced, healthy (low-fat, low-sugar) diet prepared from fresh ingredients, such as the Mediterranean diet, with exclusions of self-identified foods that worsen or trigger IBD-related symptoms.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES
Pre-illness dietary factors in inflammatory bowel disease.
TLDR
An association was found between pre-illness diet and subsequent development of UC and CD and the effect of dietary components may be primary or modulatory.
Animal Protein Intake and Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: The E3N Prospective Study
TLDR
High protein intake is associated with an increased risk of incident IBD in French middle-aged women and among sources of animal protein, high consumption of meat or fish but not of eggs or dairy products was associated with IBD risk.
Dietary Risk Factors for Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Multicenter Case‐Control Study in Japan
TLDR
The present findings suggest the importance of dietary factors for IBD prevention and the shortcoming of recall bias, which is inherent in most retrospective studies, is inherent.
Dietary patterns and risk for Crohn's disease in children
TLDR
It is suggested that specific dietary patterns could be associated with higher or lower risks for CD in children, and larger prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.
Diet as a risk factor for the development of ulcerative colitis
TLDR
High intakes of mono- and polyunsaturated fat and vitamin B6 may enhance the risk of developing UC, and whether this observation is a true risk factor in the development of UC or rather a reflection of a certain dietary lifestyle needs to be investigated.
Imbalances in Dietary Consumption of Fatty Acids, Vegetables, and Fruits Are Associated With Risk for Crohn's Disease in Children
TLDR
An imbalance in consumption of fatty acids, vegetables, and fruits is associated with increased risks for CD among Canadian children and a higher ratio of LCN-ω-3/ω-6 fatty acids was significantly associated with lower risks forCD.
Dietary habits as risk factors for inflammatory bowel disease.
TLDR
The data confirm that patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis have a high intake of total carbohydrate, starch and refined sugar and that carbohydrate consumption is significantly higher in IBD patients than in healthy controls.
Dietary and other risk factors of ulcerative colitis. A case-control study in Japan. Epidemiology Group of the Research Committee of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Japan.
  • J. Kurata
  • Medicine
    Journal of clinical gastroenterology
  • 1994
TLDR
Current smokers tended to have a decreased risk of ulcerative colitis and former smokers had an increased risk, and there was no association between breastfeeding in infancy and the risk of Ulcerative Colitis.
Distribution and Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Asians, Hispanics, and African Americans: A Systematic Review
TLDR
Prevalence and incidence rates in Hispanics and Asians with IBD have recently increased and there are many similarities and differences in disease location and behavior among racial/ethnic groups.
Epidemiologic analysis of Crohn disease in Japan: increased dietary intake of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and animal protein relates to the increased incidence of Crohn disease in Japan.
TLDR
It is suggested that increased dietary intake of animal protein and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids with less n-3 polyuns saturated fatty acids may contribute to the development of Crohn disease.
...
...