Dietary Approaches to Prevent and Treat Hypertension: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

@article{Appel2006DietaryAT,
  title={Dietary Approaches to Prevent and Treat Hypertension: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association},
  author={L. Appel and M. Brands and S. Daniels and N. Karanja and P. Elmer and F. Sacks},
  journal={Hypertension},
  year={2006},
  volume={47},
  pages={296-308}
}
A substantial body of evidence strongly supports the concept that multiple dietary factors affect blood pressure (BP). Well-established dietary modifications that lower BP are reduced salt intake, weight loss, and moderation of alcohol consumption (among those who drink). Over the past decade, increased potassium intake and consumption of dietary patterns based on the “DASH diet” have emerged as effective strategies that also lower BP. Of substantial public health relevance are findings related… Expand
ASH position paper: Dietary approaches to lower blood pressure.
  • L. Appel
  • Medicine
  • Journal of the American Society of Hypertension : JASH
  • 2009
TLDR
A substantial body of evidence has implicated several aspects of diet in the pathogenesis of elevated blood pressure, and African Americans are especially sensitive to the BP-raising effects of excess salt intake, insufficient potassium intake, and suboptimal diet. Expand
ASH position paper: dietary approaches to lower blood pressure.
TLDR
A substantial body of evidence has implicated several aspects of diet in the pathogenesis of elevated blood pressure, and African Americans are especially sensitive to the BP-raising effects of excess salt intake, insufficient potassium intake, and suboptimal diet. Expand
ASH Position Paper: Dietary Approaches to Lower Blood Pressure
  • L. Appel
  • Medicine
  • Journal of clinical hypertension
  • 2009
TLDR
A substantial body of evidence has implicated several aspects of diet in the pathogenesis of elevated blood pressure, and African Americans are especially sensitive to the BP‐raising effects of excess salt intake, insufficient potassium intake, and suboptimal diet. Expand
Dietary sodium, potassium, and alcohol: key players in the pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of human hypertension.
TLDR
The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of currently available scientific evidence in the constantly evolving field of diet and HTN, placing particular emphasis on the key role of dietary sodium, dietary potassium, and alcohol intake in the pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of human hypertension. Expand
Dietary Approaches to Prevent Hypertension
TLDR
Elevated blood pressure arises from a combination of environmental and genetic factors and the interactions of these factors and efforts that focus on environmental and individual behavioral changes that encourage and promote healthier food choices are warranted. Expand
The Effects of Dietary Factors on Blood Pressure.
TLDR
The challenge to health care providers, researchers, government officials, and the general public is developing and implementing clinical and public health strategies that lead to sustained dietary changes. Expand
Role of diet in hypertension management
TLDR
Patients must be aware that dietary changes made within a concerted alteration in lifestyle can have a very significant impact on their blood pressure, and salt intake remains the most amenable to change. Expand
The Role of Dietary Electrolytes and Childhood Blood Pressure Regulation
TLDR
The nutritional electrolyte-related determinants of blood pressure in children and adolescents are summarized, specifically the roles of dietary sodium and potassium in regulating casual BP, BP reactivity, and circadian BP patterns in youth are summarized. Expand
Beneficial Effects of Dietary Nitrate on Endothelial Function and Blood Pressure Levels
TLDR
The dietary inorganic nitrate seems to represent a promising complementary therapy to support hypertension treatment with benefits for cardiovascular health. Expand
Dietary sodium and cardiovascular outcomes: a rational approach.
TLDR
The present paper reviews the evidence of sodium and cardiovascular disease, resulting in the 2007 Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendation of daily intake of less than 100 mmol of sodium in both normotensive and hypertensive adults. Expand
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TLDR
The DASH-Sodium Trial was a multicenter, randomized feeding trial comparing the effects on blood pressure of three levels of sodium intake and two dietary patterns, and results for subgroups defined by age, obesity, waist circumference, alcohol intake, and baseline sodium intake were reported. Expand
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A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy foods and with reduced saturated and total fat can substantially lower blood pressure. Expand
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TLDR
The effect of different levels of dietary sodium, in conjunction with the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, which is rich in vegetables, fruits, and low-fat dairy products, in persons with and in those without hypertension is studied. Expand
Effects on blood pressure of reduced dietary sodium and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. DASH-Sodium Collaborative Research Group.
TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
The concept that multiple dietary factors influence blood pressure is supported; hence, broad improvements in nutrition can be important in preventing and controlling high-normal and high blood pressure. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
Among hypertensive overweight adults already on antihypertensive medication, a comprehensive lifestyle intervention can substantially lower blood pressure and improve blood pressure control. Expand
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