Diet and exercise strategies of a world-class bodybuilder.

  title={Diet and exercise strategies of a world-class bodybuilder.},
  author={Melinda Manore and J L Thompson and Marcy E Russo},
  journal={International journal of sport nutrition},
  volume={3 1},
This study presents the diet and exercise strategies of a world-class body-builder during an 8-week precompetition period. Weighed food records were kept daily, and body fat, resting metabolic rate (RMR), VO2max, blood lipids, and liver enzymes were measured. Two hrs of aerobic exercise and 3 hrs of weight training were done daily 6 days/week. Mean energy intake was 4,952 kcal/day (54 kcal/kg) and included 1,278 kcal/day from medium-chain triglycerides (MCT). Diet without MCT provided 76% of… 

High Resistance Training Volume and Low Caloric and Protein Intake Are Associated with Detrimental Alterations in Body Composition of an Amateur Bodybuilder Using Anabolic Steroids: A Case Report

There was a reduction in absolute fat free mass, despite the use of AAS, and the combination of excessive volumes of training with inadequate protein consumption was responsible for this outcome.

Effects of Bodyweight Reduction on Sports Performance

Reductions in plasma volume, muscle glycogen content and the buffer capacity of the blood explain decreased performance after rapid bodyweight reduction; during gradual bodyweight loss, slow glycogen resynthesis after training, loss of muscle protein and stress fractures (caused by endocrinological disorders) may affect performance.

Fluid and fuel intake during exercise

  • E. Coyle
  • Education
    Journal of sports sciences
  • 2004
The amounts of water, carbohydrate and salt that athletes are advised to ingest during exercise are based upon their effectiveness in attenuating both fatigue as well as illness due to hyperthermia,

Evaluation the functional status of the liver in elite Jordanian athletes

The most abnormalities observed on routine biochemical screening in elite Jordanian athletes are of no clinical significance and no effect of endurance exercise on serum bilirubin in healthy athletes are concluded.

Supplementation patterns of competitive male and female bodybuilders.

The information provided by this study can help sport nutritionists identify supplements most often consumed by bodybuilders and can aid counselors as they guide bodybuilders towards more healthful nutrition practices.

Nutritional aspects of women strength athletes

Female strength athletes should put less emphasis on a very high carbohydrate intake and more emphasis on quality protein and fat consumption in the context of energy balance to enhance adaptations to training and improve general health.

Lean mass sparing in resistance-trained athletes during caloric restriction: the role of resistance training volume

Evidence is insufficient to conclude that a higher RT volume is better suited to spare lean mass duringCR, although data seem to favor higher volumes in female athletes during CR, and the data appear to suggest that increasing RT volume during CR over time might be more effective in ameliorating CR-induced atrophy.

Suplementação de Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 ou Triglicerídios de Cadeia Média para Indivíduos em Treinamento de Força

Muscle Strength Development after Exercise Program with Supplementation of Lipides W-3 or Medium Chain Triglicerides." The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the intake of two

Mechanisms mediating lipoprotein responses to diets with medium-chain triglyceride and lauric acid

The overall effects of MCT on cholesterol metabolism may or may not be desirable, whereas those of 12∶0 appear largely undesirable as previously reported.

The effects of high-intensity resistance exercise on the blood lipid profile and liver function in hypercholesterolemic hamsters.

It is indicated that high-intensity resistance exercise contributed to dyslipidemia in hamsters fed a hypercholesterolemic diet, whereas liver function enzymes did not differ in regards to the exercise protocol.



Precontest strategies of a male bodybuilder.

  • S. N. Steen
  • Medicine
    International journal of sport nutrition
  • 1991
The dietary strategies of a 25-year-old bodybuilder were studied as he prepared for a contest and the subject used anabolic steroids and consumed various supplements to enhance muscularity.

Nutrition and the precontest preparations of a male bodybuilder.

For this subject, bodybuilding included diet, exercise, and drug regimens, which are common among competitive athletes, which could have placed the subject at risk for thromboembolic phenomena because of increased blood viscosity.

Body composition and Vo2max of exceptional weight-trained athletes.

The results of this study indicate that exceptional weight-trained athletes are within the normal college-age population range in body fat and of somewhat higher physical working capacity.

Metabolic profiles, diet, and health practices of championship male and female bodybuilders.

Food selection patterns of bodybuilders.

Although there was not much variety in the precompetition diets of the bodybuilders, the average nutrient density of their diets exceeded the Index of Nutritional Quality for all nutrients except calcium and zinc.

Comparison of body composition, exercise and nutritional profiles of female and male body builders at competition.

Gender differences were found in regional deposition of sub cutaneous fat between males and females, with the males showing a more uniform distribution of subcutaneous fat.

Postprandial thermogenesis in lean and obese subjects after meals supplemented with medium-chain and long-chain triglycerides.

It is shown that PPT is enhanced in both lean and obese subjects when LCTs in a mixed meal are replaced with MCTs, and the postprandial response of glucose, insulin, and free fatty acids did not depend on the type of oil contained in the meal.

Muscular development and lean body weight in body builders and weight lifters.

Body composition and anthropometric data, including calculations of pre-excess muscle body weight (scale weight minus excess muscle) were obtained and Somatographic comparisons revealed only slight differences between the groups, while differences with reference man were substantial.

High-density-lipoprotein cholesterol in bodybuilders v powerlifters. Negative effects of androgen use.

The training regimen of bodybuilders is associated with a more favorable lipid profile than the training used by powerlifters, and androgen use by strength-trained athletes may increase their risk for coronary heart disease.

A new predictive equation for resting energy expenditure in healthy individuals.

A predictive equation for resting energy expenditure (REE) was derived from data from 498 healthy subjects, including females and males, aged 19-78 y, and overestimated measured REE by 5% (p less than 0.01).