Diet and breast cancer: a systematic review

  title={Diet and breast cancer: a systematic review},
  author={Niki Mourouti and Meropi D. Kontogianni and Christos Papavagelis and Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos},
  journal={International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition},
  pages={1 - 42}
Abstract Breast cancer occurs as a result between genes–diet interactions. Concerning diet, only alcohol is widely recognized for being most consistently associated with breast cancer risk. The purpose of this review is to report through a systematic way the current scientific evidence relating breast cancer and diet, through original-research studies published in English language during the last decade, assessing the consumption of specific foodstuffs/food-nutrients in relation to the disease… 
Nutrition and Breast Cancer: A Literature Review on Prevention, Treatment and Recurrence
Data from the published literature suggest that a healthy dietary pattern characterized by high intake of unrefined cereals, vegetables, fruit, nuts and olive oil, and a moderate/low consumption of saturated fatty acids and red meat, might improve overall survival after diagnosis of BC.
Nutrient-wide association study of 92 foods and nutrients and breast cancer risk
A positive association of alcohol consumption is confirmed and an inverse association of dietary fibre and possibly fruit intake with breast cancer risk is suggested, which is similar in magnitude and direction to that seen in the NLCS.
Lifestyle, nutrition and breast cancer: facts and presumptions for consideration
The best advice for women’s health is to follow the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute of Cancer Research recommendations on diet, nutrition, physical activity, and weight management for cancer prevention, because they are associated with a lower risk of developing most types of cancer, including breast cancer.
Differences in the association between empirically derived dietary patterns and cancer: a meta-analysis
A meta-analysis of studies comparing empirically derived dietary patterns in relation to cancer risk found plant-based dietary patterns can be considered a healthy choice over meat- based dietary patterns.
Vegetarianism and breast, colorectal and prostate cancer risk: an overview and meta‐analysis of cohort studies
A summary of the existing evidence from cohort studies on vegetarian diets showed that complete exclusion of any source of protein from the diet is not associated with further benefits for human health.
Coffee Intake Decreases Risk of Postmenopausal Breast Cancer: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis on Prospective Cohort Studies
Findings from this meta-analysis may support the hypothesis that coffee consumption is associated with decreased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer.
Adherence to the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research Recommendations and the Risk of Breast Cancer
Investigating the association between adherence to the 2018 WCRF/AICR recommendations and breast cancer risk in a case–control study from Italy and Switzerland and a meta-analysis including 15 additional studies using random-effects models provides quantitative evidence that higher adherence to these recommendations reduces the risk of breast cancer.
Allium Vegetables Intake and Risk of Breast Cancer: A Meta-Analysis
High intake of allium vegetables may be protective against the development of breast cancer, and a significant heterogeneity was found among studies for all three pooled analyses.
The relationship between dairy products intake and breast cancer incidence: a meta-analysis of observational studies
The intake of dairy products can overall reduce BC risk in the female population, but different dairy products have varying effects on different BC subtypes and menopausal status.


Diet and breast cancer
There is no association that is consistent, strong, and statistically significant, with the exception of alcohol intake, overweight, and weight gain, among the prospective epidemiologic studies conducted on diet and breast cancer incidence and gene‐diet interactions.
Diet and breast cancer: understanding risks and benefits.
  • C. Thomson
  • Medicine
    Nutrition in clinical practice : official publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
  • 2012
Diet is modestly associated with breast cancer risk; associations appear more pronounced for postmenopausal disease, and healthy choices after diagnosis and treatment likely support longevity more so than reduced risk for recurrent disease.
A prospective study of vegetarianism and isoflavone intake in relation to breast cancer risk in British women
In a population of British women with heterogeneous diets, in a cohort of 37,643 British women participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, there is no evidence for a strong association between vegetarian diets or dietary isoflavone intake and risk for breast cancer.
Dietary fat and breast cancer risk revisited: a meta-analysis of the published literature
Combined estimates of risk for total and saturated fat intake, and for meat intake, all indicate an association between higher intakes and an increased risk of breast cancer.
Dietary fiber intake and risk of breast cancer: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.
Dose-response analysis showed that every 10-g/d increment in dietary fiber intake was associated with a significant 7% reduction in breast cancer risk, which provides evidence of a significant inverse dose-response association between dietary Fiber intake and breast cancerrisk.
Dietary fat and breast cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.
Evidence indicates a weak positive association between saturated fat intake and breast cancer risk was found, more pronounced for postmenopausal women who never used hormone therapy and for nonusers of hormone therapy at baseline.
Dietary carbohydrates, fiber, and breast cancer risk in Chinese women.
The data suggest that a high carbohydrate intake and a diet with a high glycemic load may be associated with breast cancer risk in premenopausal women or women <50 y.
Dietary fiber intake and risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women: the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study.
It is suggested that dietary fiber can play a role in preventing breast cancer through nonestrogen pathways among postmenopausal women.
Intake of fruits, and vegetables in relation to breast cancer risk by hormone receptor status
It is suggested that fruit intake might have differential associations for breast tumor subtypes defined by ER status, as well as for total vegetable intake, after controlling for age, energy intake and known risk factors for breast cancer.
[Soy food intake and breast cancer risk: a meta-analysis].
According to the meta-analysis of studies conducted in Asian countries, soy food intake is inversely associated with the risk of breast cancer among Asian women, especially based on the results of meta- analysis of case-control studies.