Diet and Habitat for Six American Pleistocene Proboscidean Species Using Carbon and Oxygen Stable Isotopes

@article{PrezCrespo2016DietAH,
  title={Diet and Habitat for Six American Pleistocene Proboscidean Species Using Carbon and Oxygen Stable Isotopes},
  author={V{\'i}ctor Adri{\'a}n P{\'e}rez-Crespo and Jos{\'e} L Prado and Mar{\'i}a Teresa Alberdi and Joaqu{\'i}n Arroyo‐Cabrales and Eileen McAllister Johnson},
  journal={Ameghiniana},
  year={2016},
  volume={53},
  pages={39 - 51}
}
Abstract. Diet and habitat were estimated, based on stable isotopes, for six species of proboscideans inhabiting the Americas during the Pleistocene. In North America, Mammuthus columbi (Elephantidae) was a mixed C3/C4 herbivore inhabiting open areas, while Mammut americanum (Mammutidae) fed exclusively on C3 plants and preferred closed areas. In contrast, members of the family Gomphotheriidae showed a wide range of food preference and habitats. This is the case of Cuvieronius tropicus, a… 
Extinction of North American Cuvieronius (Mammalia: Proboscidea: Gomphotheriidae) driven by dietary resource competition with sympatric mammoths and mastodons
Abstract. The gomphotheres were a diverse and widespread group of proboscideans occupying Eurasia, North America, and South America throughout the Neogene. Their decline was temporally and spatially
Feeding habits and habitat of herbivorous mammals from the Early–Late Hemphillian (Miocene) of Costa Rica
TLDR
Carbon and oxygen stable isotope values in the dental enamel of fossils were used to infer the diet and habitat of the extinct equids Calippus hondurensis, Dinohippus mexicanus, and ProtohippUS gidleyi and the llama Hemiauchenia vera of the Early–Late Hemphillian from San Gerardo de Limoncito, Puntarenas province, Costa Rica.
Multiproxy evidence for leaf-browsing and closed habitats in extinct proboscideans (Mammalia, Proboscidea) from Central Chile
TLDR
A range of multiproxy approaches and new radiocarbon datings were used to study the autoecology of Chilean gomphotheres, the only group of proboscideans to reach South America during the Great American Biotic Interchange.
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