Figure, Ground and the Notion of Equilibria in the Work of Gilbert Simondon and Gestalt theory
- PhilosophyGestalt Theory
Summary Based on Clausius’ phrasing of a “transformational content” and the resulting 2nd law of thermodynamics, I demonstrated that Gilbert Simondon’s On the Mode of Existence of Technical Objects…
Merleau-Ponty’s implicit critique of the new mechanists
Until the (ontic) New Mechanist can provide us with a plausible account of the organization of mechanisms as an objective feature of mind-independent ontic structures in the world which the authors might discover, it is more conservative to claim that mechanistic organization is instead a mind-dependent aspect of their epistemic strategies of mechanistic explanation.
Mental "structures" in the Berlin school of Gestalt Psychology: can sensation be described as "structural"?
Koffka’s conception of sensation is fundamentally impossible to conceive, and the belief that it is empirically grounded rests mainly on a confusion between abstraction of a sense-datum and real separation of the stimuli underlying such a datum.
A century of Gestalt psychology in visual perception: I. Perceptual grouping and figure-ground organization.
- PsychologyPsychological bulletin
An integrated review of the neural mechanisms involved in contour grouping, border ownership, and figure-ground perception is concluded by evaluating what modern vision science has offered compared to traditional Gestalt psychology, whether the authors can speak of a Gestalt revival, and where the remaining limitations and challenges lie.
Merleau-Ponty’s Immanent Critique of Gestalt Theory
- Philosophy, Art
Merleau-Ponty’s appropriation of Gestalt theory in The Structure of Behavior is central to his entire corpus. Yet commentators exhibit little agreement about what lesson is to be learned from his…
Threshold Differences on Figure and Ground: Gelb and Granit (1923)
In 1923, Gelb and Granit reported a lower threshold for the target when presented on a ground region than on an adjacent figural region, and this finding has not previously been available as an English translation.
Das Paradox des Jetzt
Zusammenfassung. Die Frage nach der Willensfreiheit ist Teil des Leib-Seele-Problems. Sie stellt sich insbesondere, wenn wir die psychophysische Relation als isomorphe Parallelitat zweier Aspekte…
A neglected pioneer of psychology: Otto Selz's contribution to the psychology of thinking and the dispute with Gestalt psychologists in Psychological Research/Psychologische Forschung.
- PsychologyPsychological research
In the early decades of the twelfth century, Psychologische Forschung was primarily an outlet for researchers from the school of Gestalt psychology. Otto Selz, whose views were closer to those…