Die Ultraschall-Ortungslaute der Hufeisen-Fledermäuse (Chiroptera-Rhinolophidae) in verschiedenen Orientierungssituationen

@article{Schnitzler2004DieUD,
  title={Die Ultraschall-Ortungslaute der Hufeisen-Flederm{\"a}use (Chiroptera-Rhinolophidae) in verschiedenen Orientierungssituationen},
  author={Hans-Ulrich Schnitzler},
  journal={Zeitschrift f{\"u}r vergleichende Physiologie},
  year={2004},
  volume={57},
  pages={376-408}
}
Echolocating Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum (RF) and Rhinolophus euryale (RE) produce ultrasonic pulses which always consist of three parts. In the initial part the frequency rises by 1–12 KHz reaching finally a frequency of about 83 KHz in RF and about 104 KHz in RE. These frequencies remain constant throughout the middle part which comprises at least 9/10 of the pulses. The terminal part is frequency-modulated. The frequency drops by 13–16 KHz. The animals emit either long pulses or groups of… CONTINUE READING
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