Did some red alga‐derived plastids evolve via kleptoplastidy? A hypothesis

  title={Did some red alga‐derived plastids evolve via kleptoplastidy? A hypothesis},
  author={Andrzej Bodyl},
  journal={Biological Reviews},
  • A. Bodyl
  • Published 1 February 2018
  • Biology
  • Biological Reviews
The evolution of plastids has a complex and still unresolved history. These organelles originated from a cyanobacterium via primary endosymbiosis, resulting in three eukaryotic lineages: glaucophytes, red algae, and green plants. The red and green algal plastids then spread via eukaryote–eukaryote endosymbioses, known as secondary and tertiary symbioses, to numerous heterotrophic protist lineages. The number of these horizontal plastid transfers, especially in the case of red alga‐derived… 
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