Did Ptolemy make novel predictions? Launching Ptolemaic astronomy into the scientific realism debate.

  title={Did Ptolemy make novel predictions? Launching Ptolemaic astronomy into the scientific realism debate.},
  author={Christi{\'a}n C. Carman and Jos{\'e} A. D{\'i}ez},
  journal={Studies in history and philosophy of science},
A (Fatal) Trilemma for best theory realism
The no-miracles argument (NMA) is the main inference-to-the-best-explanation kind of argument for scientific realism, and the pessimistic (meta-) induction (PI) is considered a main, if not the main,
Epistemic selectivity, historical threats, and the non-epistemic tenets of scientific realism
It is shown that, in contrast with epistemic deployment realism, a purely axiological scientific realism can account for key scientific practices made salient in twentieth century case studies, and how testing the latter can be immensely valuable to the authors' understanding of science.
Realism on the rocks: Novel success and James Hutton's theory of the earth.
Should a historically motivated anti-realist be a Stanfordite?
It is argued that there are problems with Stanford’s claim that the PUA is the most important challenge to realism, and with his view of instrumentalist theory endorsement.
Towards a realistic success-to-truth inference for scientific realism
This paper reconstructs the evolution of this inference, and brings together a number of qualifications in an attempt to articulate a contemporary (‘local’) success-to-truth inference which is realistic.
Understanding the selective realist defence against the PMI
This paper aims to establish two results: (i) sometimes a proposition is, in an important sense, ‘doing work’, and yet does not warrant realist commitment, and (ii) the realist will be able to respond to PMI-style historical challenges if she can merely show that certain selected posits do not require realistcommitment.
Structural Realism: The Only Defensible Realist Game in Town?


Structural Realism: The Best of Both Worlds?*
Summary The main argument for scientific realism is that our present theories in science are so successful empirically that they can’t have got that way by chance - instead they must somehow have
Scientific Realism: How Science Tracks Truth
Scientific realism is the optimistic view that modern science is on the right track: that the world really is the way our best scientific theories describe it . In his book, Stathis Psillos gives us
Preservative Realism and Its Discontents: Revisiting Caloric
A popular and plausible response against Laudan's “pessimistic induction” has been what I call “preservative realism,” which argues that there have actually been enough elements of scientific
Scientific Realism and the Stratagema de Divide et Impera
  • T. Lyons
  • Philosophy
    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
  • 2006
In response to historical challenges, advocates of a sophisticated variant of scientific realism emphasize that theoretical systems can be divided into numerous constituents. Setting aside any
A Confrontation of Convergent Realism
For many years—and with some energy since Laudan’s “Confutation of Convergent Realism” (1981)—the scientific realist has sought to accommodate examples of false-yet-successful theories in the history
Structural realism versus standard scientific realism: the case of phlogiston and dephlogisticated air
It is concluded that the issue of whether or not theoretical terms successfully refer is not the key to formulating the appropriate form of scientific realism in response to arguments from theory change, and that the case of phlogiston theory is shown to be readily accommodated by ontic structural realism.
Mechanical Astronomy: A Route to the Ancient Discovery of Epicycles and Eccentrics
The ancient Greek art of spbairopoiia was devoted to the building of models of the universe such as celestial globes and annillary spheres. But it also included the construction of geared mechanisms
A Confutation of Convergent Realism
This essay contains a partial exploration of some key concepts associated with the epistemology of realist philosophies of science. It shows that neither reference nor approximate truth will do the
Rounding numbers: Ptolemy’s calculation of the Earth–Sun distance
In this article, I analyze the coincidence of the prediction of the Earth–Sun distance carried out by Ptolemy in his Almagest and the one he carried out, with another method, in the Planetary
Book-Review - Measuring the Universe - Cosmic Dimensions from Aristarchus to Halley
Measuring the Universe is the first history of the evolution of cosmic dimensions, from the work of Eratosthenes and Aristarchus in the third century B.C. to the efforts of Edmond Halley